Understanding 'race' and Ethnicity: Theory, History, Policy, Practice

Front Cover
Craig, Gary, Atkin, Karl, Ronny Flynn
Policy Press, Feb 22, 2012 - Social Science - 312 pages
Many welfare states are now struggling to deal with the issues and tensions raised by the growth of minority ethnic populations and increasing ethnic diversity. The fact that most societies in the developed world are now multicultural raises many challenges for policy and for the delivery of welfare services which most states have yet to address, retreating into forms of institutional racism to deny minorities the services they need. Using the UK as an exemplary case study, this much-needed book combines historical and theoretical approaches to the issue of 'race' and ethnicity within welfare provision, including an examination of how minorities experience welfare in a range of service settings. The book inspires new ways of approaching welfare and social policy, in anticipation of a society that is equal, inclusive, fair and just for all and will make essential reading for students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers
 

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Contents

one Introduction
3
Outline of the book
10
List of tables figures boxes
13
Theoretical historical and policy contexts
17
theoretical
19
Boxes
26
How far are race and ethnicity different concepts?
27
Why focus on operationalising ethnicity?
34
Geneticbiological components of ethnic inequalities in
124
Summary
131
seven Not invited to the party? Black and minority ethnic
133
community involvement
141
Summary
148
eight Race education and childrens policy
151
Persistent inequalities
154
Getting it
161

Questions for discussion
40
three The history and pattern of settlement of the UKs black
41
After the slave trade
46
Postwar settlement patterns
54
Tables
55
to the present
60
Summary
67
a historical review and its 17
71
no longer welcome
74
The Race Relations Act 1976 and subsequent amendments
82
Community cohesion
89
access
97
Homelessness in minority ethnic communities
104
Implications for housing strategies policy and service delivery
110
six Understanding the influence of ethnicity on health
115
Introduction
116
nine Minority ethnic groups in the labour market
167
Factors explaining labourmarket disadvantage among minority
178
The structure of the economy
184
ten Poverty and income maintenance
191
Welfare
201
eleven Theorising race ethnicity and mental health
209
Establishing mental health status in minority ethnic groups
215
Experience in the blackled voluntary sector
221
twelve Young people and criminal justice
227
Criminal justice or welfare
234
Gender youth and justice
242
Endnote
247
References
253
Index
301
Case studies
302
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Gary Craig is professor of community development and social justice at the University of Durham, UK, and the author of Child Slavery Now. Karl Atkin holds a personal research chair in the Department of Health Sciences, University of York. Ronny Flynn is an independent consultant living and working in the Solomon Islands, currently on contract to UNICEF. Sangeeta Chattoo is currently a visiting fellow in the Department of Health Sciences, University of York.

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