Understanding and Applying Cognitive Development Theory: New Directions for Student Services, Number 88
Creating learning environments and learning experiences for students is one of the primary purposes of student services. Student services professionals need to have a solid understanding of the cognitive development of college students in order to design activities that will enhance that development. This issue of New Directions for Student Services reviews five theories of the cognitive development of college students and explores the applications of those theories for student affairs practice. The theories shed light on gender-related patterns of knowing and reasoning; interpersonal, cultural, and emotional influences on cognitive development; and people's methods of approaching complex issues and defending what they believe.
This is the 88th issue of the quarterly journals New Directions for Student Services.
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Womens Ways of Knowing
King and Kitcheners Reflective Judgment Model
This chapter provides an overview of the research linking cognitive
This chapter synthesizes the theories provides a method for intentional
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ability APPLYING COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT assumptions authority Baxter Magolda 1992 Belenky beliefs career Clinchy COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT THEORY college students complex connected knowing constructed context contextual knowing counselor cultural dents described development of college developmental DIRECTIONS FOR STUDENT dualism ence environment evaluation evidence experience focus focused gender gender-related patterns Goldberger identified individual individual’s influences on cognitive instructors intentional informal assessment interactions interindividual interpersonal knowers issues Jossey-Bass Publishers Kegan KEGAN’S ORDERS Kegan’s theory Kent State University King and Kitchener King and Kitchener’s Kitchener 1994 knowledge Lawrence Kohlberg learning meaning ment multiple one’s opinions order of consciousness Patrick G peers Perry Perry’s scheme perspective position received knowers recognize Reflective Judgment Model relationships relativism relativistic riences role sense social stage student affairs educators student affairs professionals student development STUDENT SERVICES subjective knowing Tarule theories-in-use thinking tion today’s truth uncertainty UNDERSTANDING AND APPLYING viduals voice women