Understanding the Iliad
Although the Iliad has a history dating back more than three thousand years, it remains a riveting and insightful study of universal themes relating to the human condition. This study focuses on three interconnecting subjects: the relationship of human beings to the external forces-the gods-which are operative in the universe; the concept of heroism in war and beyond war which fulfills the human aspiration for meaning in existence; and the process of emotional, intellectual, and psychological evolution by which the poem's hero, Achilles, evolves from a state of narcissistic indifference to the fate of other human beings to the capacity to demonstrate compassion to those who have been his most hated enemies.
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The Gods War and the Human Condition
The Relationship of the lliad to Greek Tragic Theory
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Achaian army achieve Achilles in book Achilles's Achilles's wrath action Agamemnon in book Ajax anger Antilochus Apollo Aristotle Aristotle's Athena Atreus Bacchae battle battlefield behavior book 9 books 23 brutal catharsis character combat compassion corpse death of Patroclus destructive Diomedes Dionysus divine emotional epic fate father feel fight forces friends funeral games gifts glory gods Greek grief hamartia heart Hector Hephaestus Hera hero Homer honor human condition humiliation important inflicted insensitivity insult killed lex talionis lliad ln book Lowen Menelaus mortal narcissistic Nestor Odysseus Oedipus Oedipus Rex offer orthodox heroic code pain passage pathos Patroclus's Peleus Pentheus Phoenix pity and fear pleasure poem Poetics Priam prize psychological quarrel realistic heroic code relationship revenge role Sarpedon savage says scene shield significant slaughter sparagmos spear spirit talionic impulse Taplin theme Thetis tragedy tragic heroism Trojans Troy vengeance warriors words Zeus