Uneasy Asylum: France and the Jewish Refugee Crisis, 1933-1942
This book, which draws on a rich array of primary sources and archival materials, offers the first major appraisal of French responses to the Jewish refugee crisis after the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. It explores French policies and attitudes toward Jewish refugees from three interrelated vantage points: government policy, public opinion, and the role of the French Jewish community.
The author demonstrates that Jewish refugees in France were not treated in the same manner as other foreigners, in part because of foreign policy considerations and in part because Jewish refugees had a distinctive socioeconomic profile. By examining the socioeconomic and political factors that informed French refugee policy in the 1930's, the author presents overwhelming evidence that Vichy's anti-Jewish measures were not merely the work of a few antisemitic zealots in the administration, nor did they stem solely from the desire of Marshal Pétain's government to find scapegoats for the military defeat of 1940. Rather, they enjoyed widespread popular support, not only from far-right organizations but also from a host of middle-class professional associations and their members (doctors, lawyers, merchants, and artisans) who perceived Jews as a competitive threat.
The author also sheds new light on Jewish political behavior in the 1930s. She demonstrates that the French Jewish community was sharply divided over the proper approach to the refugee crisis. While some Jewish leaders pressed for a hard-line policy, others worked assiduously to provide the refugees relief and to persuade the government to pursue a more liberal refugee policy. Thus the author refutes claims that the native French Jewish elite was overwhelmingly unsympathetic to the refugees because of fear that an influx of refugees would provoke an antisemitic backlash.
While this book reveals the extent to which anti-refugee attitudes and policies in the 1930's paved the way for Vichy's anti-Jewish policies, it also highlights significant discontinuities between the refugee policies of the Third Republic and those of the Vichy regime.
Refugee Policy and MiddleClass Protest During the Great Depression 193336
The Conservative Crackdown of 193435
The Great Invasion I193336
French Jewry and the Refugee Crisis 1933May 1936
Refugee Policy During the Popular Front Era
Colonial and Agricultural Schemes During the Popular Front Era
From the Anschluss to Evian
Refugee Policy in Wartime
The Great Invasion II 193640
The Remaking of the Jewish Relief Effort 193640
Continuities and Discontinuities in Jewish Refugee Policy
List of Abbreviations
Other editions - View all
According ADBR Alsace antisemitism APP BA asylum Bas-Rhin boîte 13 Bonnet camps cited clipped in AIU colonies Comite National Committee Daladier declared decree laws East European economic emigration étrangers Euroexco Foreign Ministry Europe Foreign Ministry SDN français France France's French consul French Jewish gees German refugees Gourevitch hard-line Helbronner immigrants interior israélites Jewish leaders Jewish refugees juifs juive July June Kahn Kristallnacht L'Oeuvre Lambert Le Figaro Le Petit Parisien Le Populaire League of Nations liberal Livian Madagascar MAE SDN I M MAE Z Marius Moutet Marrus and Paxton Mauco minister Moreover Moutet Nazi Note Paris Police report political politiques Popular Front prefect pro-refugee refu refugee policy refugee problem Refugees in France réfugiés allemands Saar Sarraut Schor Schramm and Vormeier Sept socialiste Surete Nationale teleg Temps tion Vichy Vichy's visas
All Book Search results »