US Immigration Policy and the Undocumented
Hayes analyzes the situation of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. and what happens to them in the aftermath of implementation of two key provisions of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) legalization and employer sanctions. Referred to by legislators as a generous and compassionate bill that would legalize much of the undocumented population in our midst, it resulted instead in placing a highly vulnerable silent subclass in deeper jeopardy. Hayes traces the history of undocumented immigration, Congressional debate and implementation of IRCA and provides direct access to the "faces" of the undocumented through original empirical research on the social and economic impact of IRCA on specific groups of undocumented Haitian, Irish, and Salvadoran immigrants. The general theme is America's ambivalence towards its historic lifeline, new immigrants whether legal or undocumented, and how the two central provisions of IRCA uniquely embodied within the same piece of legislation contradictory and ambivalent attitudes toward immigrants which became the seeds of its implementation difficulties. Hayes looks at the issue of undocumented immigration from a legislative, policy, human rights, and implementation perspective, but she also points beyond national strategies to "push factors" emanating from the home countries of the undocumented and makes the case that undocumented immigration is a global social problem that needs global solutions. The book is of particular interest to policy makers, scholars, and other researchers and students involved with social policy and welfare, immigration law, and ethnic studies.
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Closing the Back Door
The History of Undocumented Immigration in the United States
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1965 immigration Alan Simpson ambivalence American Analysis of Variance bill border bracero program Briggs Briggs points Comparison of Responses Congress cutoff date debate discrimination economic need eligible employer sanctions provision employment federal Final Report 1981 foreign workers Fuchs global gration H-2 workers Haiti Hesburgh hiring Hispanic illegal aliens illegal immigration immi immigration law immigration policy Immigration Reform Immigration Status income interest groups Irish issue legalization program legalized group Legalized Haitians legalized immigrants legislation LeMay Mean SD Mean mented immigrants Mexican Midgley migration million need scales nomic number of undocumented Number Percent Number Papademetriou and Miller passage of IRCA Percent Number Percent political Proposition 187 provisions of IRCA racism Salvador Salvadorans sanctions law SD Mean SD Select Commission Simcox Simpson-Mazzoli bill social and economic Table Theodore Hesburgh three ethnic groups tion undocumented aliens undocumented and legalized undocumented Haitians undocumented immigrants Undocumented Legalized undocumented population wages