Untying the Tongue: Gender, Power, and the Word

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 314 pages
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The words and grammatical structure of a given language are the most basic building blocks of thought and communication; they reflect the ways speakers conceptualize themselves and their world and communicate with others. Since language reflects a culture's biases and inequities, a socially constructed, gendered power differential between men and women may lead each to have very different relationships to language. The essays in this collection explore some of the ways in which power and its expression (or repression) is gendered.

The contributors seek to discover contexts and patterns within which power is articulated, reproduced, and ultimately transformed. While some contributors provide primarily descriptive examinations of presumed gender differences, others seek to critique or deconstruct these supposed meanings associated with gender and power relationships. An important collection for scholars and researchers involved with communication and with gender issues.

 

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Contents

Masculinist Generic Language and the US Womans Rights Movement 18501920
5
The French Connection Luce Irigaray and International Research on Language and Gender
13
The Possessive Gender and Subjectivity
25
Chinese Sexist Language Behavior and Cultural Attitudes
33
Gender and the Image
41
Writing Lives and Telling Tales Visions and Revisions
43
Reading Our Selves in The Cannibal Galaxy
53
Females and Feminism in New Yorker Cartoons
65
Voices Seldom Heard A Descriptive Analysis of Female and Male Teachers Positive Interactions with Young People
151
Retelling the Old Tales The Emerging Voices of Women in English and Mathematics
163
Lab Coats and Little Girls The Science Experiences of Women Majoring in Biology and Education at a Private University
175
Power and Relation at Home and at Work
193
Women and Friends in the Workplace A Study of Coworker Relationships and the Communication Within Them
197
Case Management Nurses and Physicians Confronting Gendered Organization
211
Communication Patterns and Decision Making A Comparison of ThirdParty Assessments and Couple SelfReports
219
Power and Empowerment
235

Basic Instinct Does Hollywood Instinctively Marginalize Lesbians and Gays?
77
Gender Power and the Media
87
Spectatorship and Complicity Who Is the Accused in Popular Film Depictions of Gender and Violence?
91
Evolving Images of Women and Men The Construction of Gender Roles on MTV
103
Teaching Theoretical Perspectives in the Gender and Communication Classroom From Biology to Hegemony in Coach
113
Toward a Feminist Pedagogy Using Television to Explore Gender and Communication Issues in the Classroom
123
Power and Pedagogy
139
13 The Grammar of Connected Teaching
143
A Feminist Guide to Studying SelfEsteem in Communication
239
Enhancing Argumentativeness and Argumentative Behavior The Influence of Gender and Training
251
Strategic Storytelling Constructing Self through Narrative and Nautilus
267
Womens Spirituality Attitudes Visions and Health
281
Postmodern Possibilities Gender Power and Moral Development
289
Index
301
About the Contributors
311
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Page 6 - ... in the memorable document from which we quote, does not stand for the human race; that "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness...
Page 11 - And when we say women, we think female — the sex. But to these women, in the unbroken sweep of this twothousand-year-old feminine civilization, the word woman called up all that big background, so far as they had gone in social development; and the word man meant to them only male — the sex.
Page 8 - It is urged that the use of the masculine pronouns he, his and him in all the constitutions and laws, is proof that only men were meant to be included in their provisions. If you insist on this version of the letter of the law, we shall insist that you be consistent and accept the other horn of the dilemma, which would compel you to exempt women from taxation for the support of the government and from penalties for the violation of laws. There is no she or her or hers in the tax laws, and this is...
Page 8 - So long as any classes of men were denied their right to vote, the government made a show of consistency, by exempting them from taxation. When a property qualification of $250 was required of black men in New York, they were not...

About the author (1998)

LINDA LONGMIRE is Assistant Professor of Political Science, the Director of Women's Studies, and the Coordinator of International Studies at Hofstra University's interdisciplinary New College. Her publications and teaching focus on feminist, environmental, and international politics.

LISA MERRILL is Associate Professor of Speech Communication and Rhetorical Studies at Hofstra University's School of Communication. Her publication, teaching, and research interests focus on gender and performance studies.

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