Unveiling The Whale: Discourses on Whales and Whaling

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Berghahn Books, Jul 15, 2013 - Social Science - 254 pages
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Whaling has become one of the most controversial environmental issues. It is not that all whale species are at the brink of extinction, but that whales have become important symbols to both pro- and anti-whaling factions and can easily be appropriated as the common heritage of humankind. This book, the first of its kind, is therefore not about whales and whaling per se but about how people communicate about whales and whaling. It contributes to a better understanding and discussion of controversial environmental issues: Why and how are issues selected? How is knowledge on these issues produced and distributed by organizations and activists? And why do affluent countries like Japan and Norway still support whaling, which is of insignificant economic importance? Basing his analysis on fieldwork in Japan and Norway and at the International Whaling Commission, the author argues how an image of a “superwhale” has been constructed and how this image has replaced meat and oil as the important whale commodity. He concludes that the whaling issue provides an arena where NGOs and authorities on each side can unite, swapping political legitimacy and building personal relations that can be useful on issues where relations are less harmonious.

 

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A brilliant treatise on the complexities of human relationships to whales, focusing on the ways we talk about them ("discourses") and attempt to influence their futures (activities of international organizations, national governments, and numerous non-governmental organizations both pro- and anti-whaling). It is an outstanding (and beautifully written) study of culture and ecology for our times. Highly recommended for both teaching and academic scholarship. I have used it in a course on Natural resource management for marine policy. 

Contents

Chapter 1 The Creation of a Superwhale
28
Chapter 2 The Whale Protectionists
46
Chapter 3 Diverting the Commodity Path
74
Chapter 4 The International Whaling Commission IWC
106
Chapter 5 Whaling and Identity
144
Chapter 6 Local Responses to Global Issues
172
Chapter 7 Conclusion
208
Bibliography
221
Index
244
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About the author (2013)

Arne Kalland is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oslo. He has written extensively on marine resource management and people’s perceptions of nature. Recently he has addressed the relationship between religion and ecology. He has edited several books on human–nature relations and done fieldwork in Japan, Norway and Thailand.

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