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Chapter One Designing Spaces for Trees
Chapter Two The Physical Properties of Soil
Chapter Three The Biological Properties of Soil
17 other sections not shown
arborist areas beneﬁts branches bulk density canopy chemical clay compost compost tea conﬂicts construction contractor damage depth difﬁcult drain lines existing soil fertilizer ﬁeld Figure ﬁll ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst ﬂow geotextile grading gravel grow growth horizon improve inches inﬁltration inspection installation irrigation landscape large trees lawn layer levels loam maintenance material mulch mycorrhizae needed nursery organic amendment organic matter pavement pavers paving percent photosynthesis pipe planting soil pruning rates reduce reﬂect removed root ball root package salt samples sand sandy signiﬁcant silt slopes soil amendments soil and drainage soil biology soil compaction soil food soil food web soil horizons soil mix soil pH soil proﬁle soil structure soil test soil texture soil type soil volume space species speciﬁcations structural soil subgrade subsoil sufﬁcient surface tion topsoil tree grates tree opening tree roots trunk ﬂare urban soil urban trees xylem