Uralic and Altaic Series, Volume 95

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Page xiii - Similitudo vocabulorum multorum, quod quidem momentum mihi semper ultimum in istius modi disquisitionibus esse solet ' (p. XIII). The number of his Lapp-Hungarian parallels far exceeds that of Sajnovics ; the Esthonian-Hungarian part is likewise surprisingly exhaustive : but the group of parallels with the other related languages is, apart from the series of numerals, quite insignificant, owing to the paucity of the books of reference at bis disposal.
Page xi - Lapp and Finnish were simply two different dialects of the same language. The second part of Affinitas * analyses the evidence supporting the idea of linguistic affinity between Hungarian and Esthonian, along the same lines of classification and on the same principles as those underlying the first fascicle.
Page xvii - Ever since I came of age all my actions have been inspired largely by a desire to improve the life of my fellow-countrymen and only very rarely by the pursuit of my own self-interest ' (Both I, p. XII). No one can deny that by the scientific truth expounded in
Page xv - ... quia illa etiam, quae a vocabulis Hungaricis significatione differunt, sono maximopere conveniunt. Non parva mihi ideo suborta est suspicio, hos olim Hungaris multo viciniores habitavisse, quam ullam memoratarum nationum ' (p. 189). And of the Ostiak words he declared : ' quorum nonnulla evidentius multo cum Hungaricis conveniunt, quam ea quae in catalogo jam enumeratorum praemissa sunt ' (p. 214). Having proved the Finno-Ugrian relationship of the Hungarian language, Gyarmathi was bound to define...
Page xi - ... second part demonstrates the relationship with Esthonian, the third that with other languages of ' Finnish origin ', ie of Finno-Ugrian parentage. The first part seems to have been meant originally to be an independent monograph ; it follows, as regards both material and method the ' Demonstrado
Page vii - (Hungarian Herald), and was subsequently engaged äs a prompter in the Pest theatre. From 1787 he held the post of medical officer of County Hunyad. His restless spirit spurred him to incessant activity. He was interested in everything that might concern the progress of science and culture or promote human welfare. In 1789 a Hungarian Journal published in Vienna and bearing the title : ' Hadi es mäs nevezetes törtenetek ' (Military and Other Remarkable Stories) offered a prize for the best Hungarian...
Page v - Hungarian people into the right path, and even non-Hungarian authorities agree that the method employed in this work opened a new chapter in the history of comparative linguistics. But it is something more than an act of mere piety that should induce us to celebrate this anniversary. In the clarifying fermentation of our science now in progress, at the dawn of its renascence in the fertile soil of Marxism-Leninism and inspired by its abundance of ideas, we might expect some guidance from the past,...
Page ix - (B. Leffler : A letter of S. Gyarmathi : MNy., IX, 37-41). Schlözer welcomed Gyarmathi's enthusiastic interest in the matter and was anxious to bring his plans to fruition. He encouraged and urged Gyarmathi to save the reputation of Hungarian scholarship, since those Hungarian scholars who had so far taken up primeval history and comparative linguistics, generally speaking, merely dabbled in visionary and fantastic etymologization. Schlözer even allowed Gyarmathi to make use of his rieh library...
Page xv - ... cum iis commercium inevitabili necessitate voces ab iis tataricas mutuasse, aut illis nostras hungaricas communicavisse. At idem obtinet de multis Slavicae originis populis, uti sunt : Russi, Slavi, Slaviani, Slavonii, Serbi, Poloni, Bohemi, Moravi, imo et ipsi Valachi, Germanique, a quibus plura vocabula...
Page ix - ... to an incontestable fact, and his works included fairly detailed geographical, historical and linguistic information concerning the kindred languages. Under the stimulating influence of Schlözer's well-founded theory and of his passionate devotion to scientific research, Gyarmathi feit impelled to review his former preconception of an oriental parentage of our language. He set himself earnestly to study the special scientific literature published since the ' Demonstratio

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