Urban Microclimate: Designing the Spaces Between Buildings

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Routledge, 2011 - Architecture - 266 pages
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The quality of life of millions of people living in cities could be improved if the form of the city were to evolve in a manner appropriate to its climatic context. Climatically responsive urban design is vital to any notion of sustainability: it enables individual buildings to make use of renewable energy sources for passive heating and cooling, it enhances pedestrian comfort and activity in outdoor spaces, and it may even encourage city dwellers to moderate their dependence on private vehicles. Urban Microclimate bridges the gap between climatology research and applied urban design. It provides architects and urban design professionals with an understanding of how the structure of the built environment at all scales affects microclimatic conditions in the space between buildings, and analyzes the interaction between microclimate and each of the elements of the urban landscape. In the first two sections of the book, the extensive body of work on this subject by climatologists and geographers is presented in the language of architecture and planning professionals. The third section follows each step in the design process, and in part four a critical analysis of selected case study projects provides a demonstration of the complexity of applied urban design. Practitioners will find in this book a useful guide to consult, as they address these key environmental issues in their own work.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Scales of Climatic Study
15
2 The Urban Energy Balance
27
3 The Urban Heat Island
67
4 Urban AirFlow
85
5 The Energy Balance of a Human Being in an Urban Space
109
6 Thermal Preferences
125
7 Application of Climatology in Urban Planning and Design
141
9 Vegetation
165
10 Linear Space
189
11 Modelling the Urban Microclimate
209
Neve Zin
231
Clarke Quay
239
14 Glossary
251
Index
259
Copyright

8 Microclimate Design Strategies in Urban Space
145

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About the author (2011)

Evyatar Erell and David Pearlmutter are Associate Professors at the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. Terence Williamson is Associate Professor at the School of Architecture, Landscape Architecture & Urban Design, The University of Adelaide, Australia.