Urban Poverty in Cairo (Egypt)
GRIN Verlag, 2010 - 36 pages
Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, grade: B, University of Birmingham (International Development Department- School of Public Policy), course: Urban Development, language: English, abstract: This paper summarises the characteristics of urban poverty in Greater Cairo (GC) region as one of the most important regions not only in Egypt but also in MENA region. The targeted region is administratively extended across three governorates which are Cairo, Giza, and Qaliobeia. It includes the urban areas of the three governorates with exception to only some scattered areas that constitutes an area of about 2900 km2. Discussed within are the factors that contributed to urban poverty within GC and its associated problems. The paper also discusses the experienced difficulties by the Egyptian Government while alleviating the urban poverty prevalence, which resulted from the complex nature of poverty in urban areas of GC region. In order to understand the nature of urban poverty in GC it is important to recognise the definition of Urban Poverty which refers to poverty in urban areas. However, poverty has lots of definitions according to the approach that used for defining it; whether it is a monetary approach based on incomes and consumptions, or based on the capabilities of people or their social situation if they are included or excluded or based on a participatory approach that considers how poor people defined themselves as poor (Laderchi, Saith and Stewart, 2003). The World Bank refers to the Urban Poor as those who are deprived from access to employment opportunities and income, adequate and secure housing and services, living in peaceful and healthy environments with social protection mechanisms, and access to adequate health and education opportunities (World Bank, 2008) Urban Poverty has a different nature from a place to another as each region has its unique national, demographic, e
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Accessed on March akademische Texte Alleviating Urban Poverty Alliance Public Policy Altayeb Asset Vulnerability Cities Alliance Public Country’s Deterioration domestic violence economic EL-Gabalawi Urban poverty Elgendy eteriorated h GC popula GC region Gender inequality Gharzeddine ghbourhood Giza Greater Cairo Region GRIN Verlag Harre-Rogers Household extension http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dpu Human Settlements 2003 Increase informal settlements infrastructure insecurity Inter-household reciprocity Laderchi lements live Madbouly March 17th Moser Nabila EL-Gabalawi Urban nature of Urban NGOs online].Available Organisation for Physical perceive poverty population Poverty dimensions poverty in Cairo poverty in Egypt poverty in GC Poverty Line poverty reduction strategy Public Policy Forum Qaliob regi regulations to stop Repr rmal Settle rmal Settle resent Settle resent 56.4 settlements in GC Sims slums social stop land violation total GC former UN-Habitat United Nations upgrade urban areas urban growth strategy urban pock Urban Poor urban pov verty vulnerability Indicator World Bank