Urban Sprawl in Europe: Landscape, Land-Use Change and Policy
Chris Couch, Gerhard Petschel-Held, Lila Leontidou
John Wiley & Sons, Apr 15, 2008 - Architecture - 296 pages
Urban sprawl is one of the most important types of land-use changes currently affecting Europe. It increasingly creates major impacts on the environment (via surface sealing, emissions by transport and ecosystem fragmentation); on the social structure of an area (by segregation, lifestyle changes and neglecting urban centres); and on the economy (via distributed production, land prices, and issues of scale).
Urban Sprawl in Europe: landscapes, land-use change & policy explains the nature and dynamics of urban sprawl. The book is written in three parts. Part I considers contemporary definitions, theories and trends in European urban sprawl. In part II authors draw upon experiences from across Europe to consider urban sprawl from a number of perspectives:
* Infrastructure-related sprawl, such as can be seen around Athens;
* Sprawl in the post-socialist city, as typified by Warsaw, Leipzig and Ljubljana;
* Decline and sprawl, where a comparative analysis of Liverpool and Leipzig shows that sprawl is not confined to expanding cities;
* Sprawl based on the development of second homes as found in Sweden, Austria and elsewhere.
In part III a formal qualitative model of sprawl is developed. Policies for the control of urban sprawl and the roles of different stakeholders are considered. Finally, a concluding chapter raises questions about the nature and dynamics of these new urban landscapes and their sustainability.
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actor classes agglomeration Athens Attica building Central and Eastern century Chris Couch city centre city’s communities compact city competition consequences conurbation core city countryside cultural decline density dwellings dynamics Eastern Europe Eastern European economic environment environmental European cities European Commission Figure gentrification Germany Greece green belt greenfield land high income important income households increase industrial infrastructure inner city inner-city investment Koropi land landscapes Leipzig Leontidou Liverpool living Ljubljana London major Mediterranean ment Mesogeia migration municipalities Nadarzyn Olympics patterns periphery Pichler-Milanoviˇc political population population density post-socialist post-socialist cities problems residential retail rural second homes sector settlements Slovenia social socialist spatial development spatial planning Stockholm strategies structure suburban suburbanisation suburbia suburbs summerhouses tion transport trends urban areas urban development urban growth urban planning urban regeneration urban region urban sprawl urbanisation URBS PANDENS Värmdö Värmdö municipality Vienna Warsaw Wirral zone