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accident data accident types Acclimation Akron American Automobile Association Behavioral Changes Bus Stop Relocation Changes by Countermeasure cities Columbus Countermeasure Installation Crosswalk Set-Back Dart-Out data collection data items Diagonal Parking driver Experimental sites film Frequent Survey Responses front of parked indicated intersection marked crosswalk Median Barrier merchants Meter Post Barriers Miami Midblock Crosswalk National Safety Council parked vehicles parking lane pedestrian accidents pedestrian behavior pedestrian crossing pedestrian safety education pedestrian signal Pedestrians Performing Undesired PERCEIVED EFFECT percent of pedestrians Performing Undesired Actions Police Department population group Post Hoc Post study Post-Before present Preventive Markings procedures Responses for Pedestrians Running into Roadway Safety Council Safety Island sample San Diego SCANNING TRAFFIC significant decrease Stop Line Relocation street Table Toledo Traffic Engineering traffic lane traffic signal trian Turning Conflict two-way Vehicle Induced Hesitation vehicle speed vehicle/pedestrian separation Vendor Warning Signal Washington X X X
Page i - Document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151 19. Security Classif. (of this report) Unclassified 20. Security Classif. (of this page) Unclassified 21. No. of Pages 169 22.
Page i - This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151 19. Security Classification (of this report) UNCLASSIFIED 20. Security Classification (of this page) UNCLASSIFIED 21. No. of Pages 22. Price...
Page 2-2 - This type includes cases in which the location or design of the stop appears to be a major factor in the causation, eg, the pedestrian crosses in front of the bus standing at a stop on the corner, and the bus blocks the view of cars. It does not include those cases that may be considered as exiting from a vehicle, nor does it include cases in which the stop is only an attraction or distraction.
Page 2-2 - RELATED (2%) Pedestrian steps out from in front of bus at a bus stop and is struck by vehicle moving in same direction as bus while passing bus. VENDOR-ICE CREAM TRUCK (2%) Pedestrian struck while going to or from a vendor in a vehicle on the street. DISABLED VEHICLE RELATED (1%) Pedestrian struck while working on or next to a disabled vehicle. RESULT OF VEHICLE-VEHICLE CRASH (3%) Pedestrian hit by vehicle(s) as a result of a vehicle-vehicle collision.
Page 1-1 - The present project focuses on three aspects of countermeasures and countermeasure effectiveness. First, a series of behavioral studies were conducted to determine the extent to which the proposed countermeasures inhibit those undesirable vehicular and pedestrian behaviors most often associated with *Snyder, MB, Knoblauch, RL Pedestrian Safety: The identification of precipitating factors and possible countermeasures.
Page i - Department of Transportation Washington, DC 20590 13. Type of Report and Period Covered April 1, 1974 through March 31 , 1975 14.
Page 1-1 - Second, an accident data base was established in several cities. In order to establish this data base, the accident report forms of the participating cities were expanded to reveal the behavioral antecedents associated with the pedestrian accident. The resulting data base will serve as input in the design of a large scale countermeasure-accident study which will be conducted under a separate contract.