Uses of Force and Wilsonian Foreign Policy

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Kent State University Press, 1993 - History - 172 pages
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"Frederick S. Calhoun's new book makes a timely and important contribution to examining one of the most serious questions confronting the nation's foreign relations: When and how to use military force. By citing numerous examples from the past, Calhoun is able to show that there is an infinite variety of reasons behind, justification for, and consequences of, each decision to employ force abroad. The subject is of real contemporary significance as the United States and other nations in the post--Cold War age grapple with the question of under what circumstances the employment of military force may become necessary. At bottom is the question of the relationship between foreign policy and military power in a democratic society, between what the nation stands for and the military power at its disposal. Anyone interested in current world issues as well as the future of American democracy would be well advised to turn to this book for a careful, thoughtful examination of such questions."-Akira Iriye, Professor of History, Harvard University"

Uses of Force is solidly based on archival research. More than that, it presents this material, including some that is familiar, in a novel context. The originality of this book is the construction of categories to analyze the uses of force in Wilsonian diplomacy. Calhoun has re-examined President Wilson's employment of military force in various settings around the world. This treatment will stimulate thinking about the subject even if other specialists do not always agree with Calhoun's conclusions. The book is a welcome addition to the literature."-Lloyd E. Ambrosius, Professor of History, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

 

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Contents

The Uses of FORCE in Wilsonian Diplomacy
1
FORCE for Protection
11
FORCE for Retribution
35
FORCE for Solution
53
FORCE for Introduction
77
FORCE for Association
106
The Abuses of FORCE
127
NOTES
144
NOTE ON SOURCES
164
INDEX
166
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Page 4 - Armed force is in the background in this program, but it is in the background, and if the moral force of the world will not suffice the physical force of the world shall. But that is the last resort, because this is intended as a constitution of peace, not as a league of war.

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