Using Oil Spill Dispersants on the Sea

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National Academies Press, Jan 15, 1989 - Science - 331 pages
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While major oil spills are rare, oil slicks can have disastrous environmental and economic consequences. This book summarizes research on the use of chemical dispersants: their effectiveness and limitations and the results of using them in different spill situations. Based on laboratory and field research as well as on actual case histories, this book contains a clear-cut set of recommendations for action, planning, and research. Of special interest is the chapter on the biological effects of oil itself and of oil treated with chemical dispersants.
 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
History and Issues
6
2 Chemistry and Physics of Dispersants and Dispersed Oil
28
3 Toxicological Testing of Dispersants and Dispersed Oil
81
4 IntermediateScale Experiments and Field Studies of Dispersants Applied to Oil Spills
165
Techniques Logistics Monitoring and Application Strategies
215
6 Technical Basis of Decision Making
239
7 Conclusions and Recommendations
254
References
265
Appendixes
307
Glossary and Acronyms
324
Index
327
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