Using Interactive Behavior Picture Stories to Promote Sharing and Turn Taking in Preschoolers with Challenging Behaviors
The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of an intervention called Interactive Behavior Picture Stories (IBPS) to determine its effectiveness for encouraging positive social skills between young children with challenging behaviors and their peers as related to sharing and turn taking behaviors, and ways the behavioral guidance strategies of teachers regarding turn taking and sharing change as a result of the Interactive Behavior Picture Story (IBPS) intervention. The qualitative study employed a multi-case design and analyzed journal entry pages from teachers and parents of preschoolers involved in the intervention as well as videotaped observations of the children engaged in free choice learning centers in their natural preschool environment. The data were coded and revealed three themes: (a) Changes in children's interactions with others; (b) Changes in the teachers' behavioral guidance strategies; and (c) Positive outcomes of the IBPS intervention. The study concluded that the use of IBPS is a promising intervention to use with young children with challenging social and emotional behaviors as one tool among other developmentally appropriate practices. Results were more positive when teachers make specific efforts to scaffold the skills introduced into the stories into the natural classroom environment through descriptive feedback and modeling and when parents are active participants in the intervention.
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