Using the Laser Marksmanship Training System to Predict Rifle Marksmanship Qualification
U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 2003 - Laser beams - 15 pages
To determine the relation between simulation- (Laser Marksmanship Training System LMTS) and live-fire-based rifle marksmanship performance, 186 Reserve Component (RC) soldiers from Idaho and Oregon fired for qualification on a scaled LMTS version and live-fire version of the Army's standard pop-up target qualification course. LMTS was fired under either a dry-fire mode or a Blazer (i.e., sound/recoil replicator) mode. Statistically significant positive linear relations were found (and then validated) between first-run live-fire scores and both LMTS dry-fire- (r = .50) and Blazer-based (r = .55) scores. These relations were of sufficient strength to permit development of easy-to-use tools for accurately predicting soldier chances of first-run, live-fire qualification. With these tools, RC marksmanship trainers can implement a competency- based training program where soldiers most in need of remedial training (i.e., poor shooters) can be quickly identified, and the point at which sufficient training has been provided (i.e., when first-run live-fire qualification is likely) easily determined. These tools also provide RC unit commanders with empirically derived live-fire performance standards needed to support use of LMTS in place of live-fire for rifle marksmanship proficiency validation purposes when standard pop-up target course range facilities are not readily available. Although both tools will serve these purposes, that based on LMTS dry-fire is recommended because of the added expense of firing with Blazer without an accompanying statistically significant increased predictive benefit.
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ALT-C ammunition Army National Guard Army Research Institute Behavioral and Social Blazer hit score Blazer score Blazer-Based mode chance of qualiﬁcation competency-based conﬁdence cross-validation develop differ signiﬁcantly dry-ﬁre mode Eisenhower Avenue ﬁre scores ﬁring order ﬁrst form Y1 Group 1 data hit scores ranged L-3 Communications Laser Marksmanship Training level Column Live-Fire live-ﬁre performance standards live-ﬁre predictions Live-ﬁre scores ranged live-ﬁre-based LMTS and live-ﬁre LMTS dry-ﬁre LMTS score LMTS-based M4 Carbine Marksman level marksmanship proﬁciency Marksmanship Training System NUMBER obtain a live-ﬁre pop-up target qualiﬁcation posttesting predict live-ﬁre qualiﬁcation predict live-ﬁre scores prediction equation qualiﬁcation ﬁring qualiﬁcation score record ﬁre qualiﬁcation relation between LMTS riﬂe marksmanship performance score of 23 scores was signiﬁcant Sharpshooter signiﬁcant linear relation simulation Smith & Hagman soldiers ﬁred Speciﬁcally standard pop-up target statistically signiﬁcant sufﬁcient strength target qualiﬁcation course tools for predicting trainers Training System LMTS U.S. Army Research U.S. Army Reserve weapon zeroing