Usury and Public Debt in Early Renaissance Florence: Lorenzo Ridolfi on the Monte Comune

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PIMS, 2003 - History - 460 pages
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"Money, politics and law were intimately linked in the merchant republics of medieval and Renaissance Italy. Nowhere was this more evident than in the realm of public finance. Beginning in the twelfth century, governments borrowed money from citizens to meet expenses that exceeded ordinary revenues; by 1350, most had converted their outstanding debts into permanent funds serviced by consumption taxes and levies on subject territories. Loans were usually compulsory, but ruling classes preferred them to taxes: not only did loans pay a return in the form of interest, but they could also be sold to recoup part of the lender's capital." "Despite the blessing of elites, deficit financing was highly controversial. In Florence, the creation of the funded debt was associated with social upheaval and remained a factor in political struggles for over a century. Debts in Florence and elsewhere also raised legal and moral questions that became the focus of growing controversy in the later Middle Ages. Lawyers and theologians rarely questioned the reliance of governments on debt, but many considered the payment of interest to government creditors a violation of the ban on usuary, which law and theology defined as any charge for a loan." "The defence of public debt offered by the Florentine lay canonist Lorenzo Ridolfi (1362-1443) in his Treatise on Usury was the most influential contribution to the debate and quickly became the standard canonical authority on the problem. Usury and Public Debt in Early Renaissance Florence presents an edition of the relevant portions of Ridolfi's treatise based on the autograph manuscript in the Biblioteca Nazionale di Firenze and a running commentary on the text. The introduction examines Ridolfi's text in the light of earlier writers on the debt problem and situates it in the broader sociopolitical and cultural context of early Quattrocento Florence. This study will be of interest to legal historians, to historians of medieval political economy and economic thought, and to students of early Renaissance Florence."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Ridolfi and the Ruling Class
7
The Public Debt
28
Usury and the Public Debt Controversy
53
Ridolfi on the Public Debt
85
Law Politics and Public Debt
100
The Edition
112
Lorenzo Ridolfi Tractatus de usuris
129
Tertia Particula
210
Commentary
261
261 Part 2 295 Part 3
349
Glossary
381
Notes on Ridolfis Authorities 307
397
Bibliography
407
Index of Citations
433
General Index
447

Secunda Particula
155

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