Vacuum Arcs: Theory and Applications
Leading experts examine the theory, principles, and recent applications of vacuum arc devices, with special attention to the intensive research and development on the high-power vacuum circuit interrupter conducted at the General Electric Research and Development Center. Covers all important aspects of vacuum discharges: the wide variety of breakdown processes; Arc ignition by plasma triggering; the arc cathode; the emission process at the arc anode; high-current anode processes; and commercial and non-commercial applications of vacuum interrupters.
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INTRODUCTION TO VACUUM ARCS
ELECTRICAL BREAKDOWN IN VACUUM
ARC IGNITION PROCESSES
7 other sections not shown
anode spot Appl applied arc cathode arc current arc voltage atoms average bismuth breakdown voltage calculated capacitance cathode spot cathode surface characteristic chopping current circuit breaker cold weld constriction copper electrodes current density current zero device diameter dielectric dielectric strength Discharges and Electrical distribution effect electric field Electrical Breakdown Electrical Insulation electrode electrode surface electron emission emission current energy equation experimental field emission function G. A. Farrall gap length heat conduction high current IEEE Trans increase instability Insulation in Vacuum ionization J. D. Cobine Joule heating low currents magnetic field measurements melting metal vapor mode molybdenum neutral occurs operation parameters particles phenomena Phys plasma potential processes produced protrusions pulse range recovery refractory region smooth surface space charge spot current stability structure studied surface spot temperature thermal trigger tungsten vacuum arc vacuum gap vacuum interrupter vacuum switch values vapor pressure weld strength