Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries
Patrick T. Moseley, Jürgen Garche, C.D. Parker, D.A.J. Rand
Elsevier, Feb 24, 2004 - Technology & Engineering - 602 pages
For many decades, the lead-acid battery has been the most widely used energy-storage device for medium- and large-scale applications (approximately 100Wh and above). In recent years, the traditional, flooded design of the battery has begun to be replaced by an alternative design. This version - the valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery - requires no replenishment of the water content of the electrolyte solution, does not spill liquids, and can be used in any desired orientation. Since the VRLA battery operates in a somewhat different manner from its flooded counterpart, considerable technological development has been necessary to meet the exacting performance requirements of the full range of applications in which rechargeable batteries are used.
The valve-regulated design is now well established in the industrial battery sector, and also appears set to be adopted widely for automotive duty.
This book provides a comprehensive account of VRLA technology and its uses. In the future, all industrial processes - including the manufacture of batteries - will be required to conform to the conventions of sustainability. Accordingly, the crucial areas of the environmental impact associated with the production and use of VRLA batteries and the recycling of spent units are also treated thoroughly.
Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries gives an essential insight into the science that underlies the development and operation of VRLA batteries and is a comprehensive reference source for those involved in the practical use of the technology in key energy-storage applications.
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Chapter 4 PositivePlate Additives to Enhance Formation and Battery Performance
Chapter 5 Negative Plates in Valveregulated Leadacid Batteries
Chapter 6 The Function of the Separator in the Valveregulated Leadacid Battery
Chapter 7 Separator Materials for Valveregulated Leadacid Batteries
Chapter 8 Battery Management
Chapter 11 Valveregulated LeadAcid Batteries in Automotive Applications A Vehicle Manufacturers Perspective
Chapter 12 Valveregulated LeadAcid Batteries in Automotive Applications A Battery Manufacturers Perspective
Chapter 13 Valveregulated LeadAcid Batteries for Telecommunications and UPS Applications
Chapter 14 Remotearea Powersupply RAPS Systems and the Valveregulated LeadAcid Battery
Chapter 15 Recovery and Recycling of LeadAcid Batteries
Chapter 16 Environmental Aspects of Recycling Valveregulated Leadacid Batteries
Highrate Partialstateofcharge Duty in Newgeneration Road Vehicles
Chapter 9 Charging Techniques for VRLA Batteries
Chapter 10 Battery EnergyStorage Systems for PowerSupply Networks