Vanishing Act: The Erosion of Online Footnotes and Implications for Scholarship in the Digital Age
A decade ago, most research was done in the library rather than through Web site, and scholars, editors, graduate directors and librarians were meticulous about the integrity of footnotes. They knew that citation was the backbone of research, from agronomy to zoology in the sciences and from art history to Zen studies in the humanities. The footnote upheld standards because it allowed others to test hypotheses or replicate experiments. In sum, the footnote safeguarded scientific method and peer review upon which academe is based, from papers by first-year and transfer students to books by postdoc and professor. Since 2003, authors Michael Bugeja and Daniela Dimitrova (Iowa State University of Science and Technology) have been at the forefront of research on the erosion of online footnotes and its implication for scholarship. Their research has been showcased in The Chronicle of Higher Education and a number of academic journals, including The Serials Librarian, Portals: Libraries and the Academy, New Media and Society and Journalism and Mass Communication Educator, among others. Their book documents the vanishing act in flagship communication journals and provides readers with methods to mitigate the effect.
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A Brief History of Footnote Flight
What In Fact Causes Footnotes to Vanish?
An Online World as Thin As It Is Wide
Appendix A Methodology
About the Authors
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American Journalism American Society archive cita cited communication journals Computer-Mediated Communication databank decay of online decay rate Dellavalle Digital Object Identifier Dimitrova disciplines document domains Education half-life estimation Half-life of Internet half-life of online half-life phenomenon history journals Internet citations Internet footnotes Internet Research jour journal articles journal editors journal longevity Journal of Broadcasting Journal of Communication Journal of Computer-Mediated Journal of Internet Journalism & Mass journalism and communication Journalism and Mass Journalism History Koehler lapsed Library of Alexandria linkrot Mass Communication Quarterly Media & Society methodology Michael Bugeja nine journals online citation permanence online footnotes online references online sources peer review Philosophy of Technology Predictors of Online problem publication retrieval date review and scientific scholarly scholars science journals scientific method Society for Information stable tion top-level domain Uniform Resource Locators vanishing footnotes vanishing online Wayback Machine Web Graphs