Vehicle Propulsion Systems: Introduction to Modeling and Optimization
Springer Science & Business Media, 2005 - Technology & Engineering - 291 pages
In this book the longitudinal behavior of road vehicles is analyzed. The main emphasis is on the analysis and minimization of the fuel and energy consumption. Most approaches to this problem enhance the complexity of the vehicle system by adding components such as electrical motors or storage devices. Such a complex system can only be designed by means of mathematical models. This text gives an introduction to the modeling and optimization problems typically encountered when designing new propulsion systems for passenger cars. It is intended for persons interested in the analysis and optimization of classical and novel vehicle propulsion systems. Its focus lies on the control-oriented mathematical description of the physical processes and on the model-based optimization of the system structure and of the supervisory control algorithms. This text has evolved from a lecture series at ETH Zurich. Prerequisites are general engineering topics and a first course in optimal control theory.
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acceleration anode approach approximately battery calculated cathode causality representation charge clutch constant constraints control law control strategy control variables converter DC motor depends derived discharge drive cycle dynamic modeling efficiency electrochemical electrolyte electrons energy conversion energy density engine speed equation evaluated flywheel friction fuel cell fuel consumption fuel economy fuel-cell function gear box gear ratios Hamiltonian heating value HEVs hybrid electric vehicle hybrid vehicles hydraulic accumulator IEEE Ifc(t input variable Journal of Power Lagrange multipliers lead-acid batteries mass flow rate maximum membrane methanol mode MVEG-95 cycle numerical on-board operation optimal control optimization problem output variables parallel hybrid parameters performance index physical causality Pi(t planetary gear planetary gear set Power Sources powertrain pressure Proc propulsion systems quasistatic Quasistatic Modeling recuperation reformer regenerative braking rotor series hybrid shaft shown in Fig solution specific energy stator steam reforming storage system supercapacitor temperature thermal traction transmission typical vehicle speed voltage
Page 283 - Guzzella, L., 1999. Control oriented modelling of fuel-cell based vehicles. Presentation in NSF Workshop on the Integration of Modeling and Control for Automotive Systems.  Amphlett, JC, Baumert, RM, Mann, R. E, Peppley, BA, Roberge, PR, and Rodrigues, A., 1994. "Parametric modeling of the performance of a 5-kw proton- exchange membrane fuel-cell stack".