Like his Dutch contemporary Vermeer, Diego Velázquez (1599-1660) had little reputation outside of his native land until the nineteenth century, when the Spanish royal painting collections became state property and were installed in the Prado Museum in Madrid. The year was in 1819, and several private and official collections in London and Paris also benefited. Unlike Vermeer, however, Velázquez had a fairly large oeuvre waiting to be rediscovered--and rediscovered it was, with great rapidity and enthusiasm. Goya and Manet are almost inconceivable without the precedent of Velázquez's portraiture, and in fact Manet even called the Spaniard "the painter of painters." His impact on French Impressionism was colossal. And two of the twentieth century's most famous artists painted direct homages: Picasso made a version of "Las Meninas" in 1957; and Francis Bacon's "screaming popes" are based on Velázquez's 1650 portrait of Pope Innocent X. From Goya until today, Velázquez's work has been recognized not only as the essential forerunner to Modern painting, but also as the greatest exponent of seventeenth-century Spanish art.
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achieved aerial perspective Alcazar aposentador artist attire Bacchus Los Borrachos background brush strokes buffoons bust colour compositions considerable number Count-Duke of Olivares Court decoration depicting Detail Diego Velazquez Equestrian Portrait expressed Feast of Bacchus figures forms Francisco de Zurbaran Francisco Pacheco full-length portraits Hermitage highly Hispanic Society incomparable Infanta Margarita Isabel de Borbon Italy Juan Bautista Martinez Juan de Pareja King landscape London Madrid Madrid Opposite Martinez del Mazo Meninas Metropolitan Museum Mirror monarch mythological National Gallery nevertheless observer Oil on canvas outstanding painter Palomino Parada Peter Paul Rubens Philip IV Philip IV's pictorial qualities Pietro da Cortona portrait of Philip Prado Museum predominance Prince Baltasar Carlos Private Collection problems produced protagonists religious reveals Rome royal collections Royal Family Rubens Salon de Reinos series of portraits Seville similar Spanish painting studio Surrender of Breda Torre Velazquez painted Venus veritable Wallace Collection Wellington Museum York