David Lightfoot, Norbert Hornstein
Cambridge University Press, Mar 31, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 388 pages
Work on the movement of phrase categories, mostly Noun Phrases, has been a central element of syntactic theorizing almost since the earliest work on generative grammar. Work on the movement of lexical elements, heads, has been much less central until recent years. Verb movement is now, however, the center of current research in syntax. Parallel to the theoretical interest has been the attention focused on the description of verb-second languages and on the movement operations that place the verb in its "second" position. This volume represents the latest work from many of the leading researchers in an important field, and draws on analyses from a wide range of languages. It will have a significant impact on its field.
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Verb positions evidence from Italian
Verb movement and word order in Arabic
Comments on the paper by Ouhalla
Some similarities and differences between Icelandic and Yiddish
Comments on the paper by Santorini
Finite verb movement in Scandinavian embedded clauses
Comments on the paper by Vikner
The Brythonic Celtic copula and head raising
A reinterpretation of evidence for verb movement in French
accusative adjoined adjunction adverb agreement AGRg AGRQ analysis antecedent-government Arabic argued argument assigned assume assumption auxiliary c-command child Chomsky clitic clitic-climbing COMP constructions copula David Lightfoot derivation direct object discussion embedded clauses embedded V2 empty expletives English examples excorporation fact finite form finite verb French functional categories German grammatical head movement head-government Icelandic Icelandic and Yiddish incorporation infinitival INFL inflection Italian Kayne L-related lexical m-selection main clauses Mary matrix ment Modern Standard Arabic morpheme morphological negation negative nominative non-finite verbs null subjects optional infinitive stage Ouhalla overt Platzack possible predicate properties proposal raise Rizzi Roberts S-structure Santorini sentences Spec of AGRP Spec of IP Spec-head structure stylistic fronting subject position Swedish syntactic syntax tense theta role tion topicalization trace trigger V-movement V-to-I movement V2 languages verb movement verb moves Vikner word order Yiddish
Page 9 - verb occurring in C, ie to the left of the subject NP (as in a verb-second language or in interrogatives) could only get there by raising first to I, and therefore inversion forms like
Page 8 - in general, lowering operations are unusual in the syntax, and a lowering operation here would leave behind a trace which would not be bound or properly governed, and one would expect a morphological operation but not a syntactic operation to be subject to a condition of adjacency. Therefore, the representation in
Page 16 - if John didn't buy the book.' But this indicates that inte 'not' and other such adverbs occur to the left of I
Page 16 - verbs in C is strong evidence of movement through I, given almost any version of the proper government condition on traces.