Vietnam's rural transformation
Since the mid-1980s, Vietnam has experienced remarkable economic, political, and social change. This is the first study in English to focus on rural Vietnamwhere nearly 80 percent of Vietnam's people live, much of its economic production occurs, and political upheavals earlier this century changed the course of history.Analyzing the impact of economic liberalization on the countryside, the contributors note that despite significant improvements in real income for most rural Vietnamese, poverty is still pronounced and socioeconomic inequality appears to be growing. The poorest now appear to have less access to educational and health services. Environmental conditions also pose significant problems. Highlighting the dynamic political scene in Vietnam, the contributors also consider the interplay between national policymaking and local pressures and activity.
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MonoOrganizational Socialism and the State
Rural Society and State Relations
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activities agrarian arrangements agricultural production allocation Asia Asian Australian National University authorities average Binh budget capital cent Central Committee Central highlands changes chapter collectivization Communist party consumption cooperatives corruption countryside declined Doi Moi economic liberalization environmental expenditure exports farmers farming households Fforde food crop production Giang groups Hanoi hectares income increased Indonesia infrastructure institutions investment irrigation kilograms labor Land Law land use rights Laos Malaysia Mekong delta million dong Minh Myanmar Nguyen Nhan Nong Nghiep North central coast North Vietnam officials organizations paddy peasants Philippines Phong Politburo political poor population poverty problems province Quang recent Red River delta reform regions renovation Report result revenue role rural areas rural development rural households sector social society South central coast SPC and FAO surveys Table Thailand Thong tonnes trend Vietnamese villagers Vinh Vo-Tong World Bank