Die Villa Lante in Bagnaia, Volume 1
Text in German. The Villa Lante in Bagnaia near Viterbo is outstanding among 16th-century Italian gardens. It is not particularly large, but it is the undisputed highlight of this epoch, the heyday of Italian horticulture, not just because it is outstandingly well maintained, but also because of its unique formal qualities and its extremely complex iconographic programme. The present monograph attempts to establish what triggers the intense sense of beauty with which visitors to the gardens are confronted. It is immediately clear that it is essential to analyse the form of the garden -- here the extremely precise treatment of central perspective as a device is of considerable interest -- but close attention has also to be paid to the significance of the individual elements and the connections between them. This examination brings an elaborate accumulation of various sign systems to light, which seem to have the astonishing characteristic of not being entirely reconcilable, indeed they appear to build in contradictions as a basic constant. From this develops a panorama of the late 16th century, presenting the tangled pathways of perception of the gardens in all their complex relations, from the various late Renaissance garden types, via philosophy, the response to antiquity, perception of nature, perspective, harmony, literature, theatre and religion, and on to models of time and the forms it takes. Against this background the garden of the Villa Lante, which belonged to the scholarly cardinal and inquisitor Francesco Gambara, proves to be a difficult -- and perhaps not entirely successful -- balancing act between Renaissance traditions and the thrust of the Counter-Reformation, but showing at the same time, as a kind of 'apotheosis of the artwork', a surprising affinity with the present day.
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1596 Ausschnitt Achse ALESSANDRO FARNESE Anlage antiken Architekt Architektur Bagnaia barco Bedeutung beiden Betrachter Beziehung Bild Blick BRAMANTEs Brunnen Caprarola casina casina Gambara catena christlichen Cinquecento cortile del belvedere Darstellung daſ Delphine deutlich eben Elemente ersten FAGIoLo fontana dei delfini fontana dei giganti fontana dei lumini fontana del diluvio fonte Form GAMBARA garden Garten Gartenkunst Gestalt giardino Goldenen Zeitalters Gott göttlichen GREGOR XIII Grotte Heiligen Herkules himmlischen Hypnerotomachia Polifili italienischen Jahr Jahrhundert Janus Kardinal Kultur Kunst Landschaft läßt LAzzARO lich LIGUSTRI Villa Lante literarischen logge delle muse Loggia mensa del cardinale Menschen Metamorphosen Natur Naumachie neuplatonischen Nymphäums Ordnung OvID Palazzo Farnese Papst Paradies Paradieses Parterre Parterrebrunnen Pegasus Peperin Perspektive Pratolino Raum räumliche Renaissance römischen scheint schen SEBASTIANO SERLIO Sinne TARQUINIO LIGUSTRI Villa tatsächlich Teil Theater unsere Ursprung Verbindung vier VIGNOLA Villa d'Este Villa Giulia Villa Lante Wahrnehmung Wasser Welt Werk wohl zeigt Zusammenhang zwei