Violent Belongings: Partition, Gender, and National Culture in Postcolonial India
Focusing on the historical and contemporary narration of the Partition of India, Violent Belongings examines transnational South Asian culture from 1947 onwards. Spanning the Indian subcontinent and its diasporas in the United Kingdom and the United States, it asks how postcolonial/diasporic literature (eg., Rushdie, Mistry, Sidwa and Lahiri), Bollywood film, personal testimonies and journalism represent the violence, migration and questions of national belonging unleashed by that pivotal event during which two million people died and sixteen million were displaced.
In addition to challenging the official narratives of independence and Partition, these narratives challenge our contemporary understanding of gender and ethnicity in history and politics. Violent Belongings argues that both male and female bodies, and heterosexual coupledom, became symbols of the nation in public life. In the newly independent Indian nation both men and women were transformed into ideal citizens or troubling bodies, immigrants or refugees, depending on whether they were ethnically Hindu, Muslim, Jewish or Sikh. The divisions set in motion during Partition continue into our own time and account for ethnic violence in South Asia.
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Decolonization Partition and Identity in the Transnational Public Sphere
Masculinity Romance and Secular Citizenship
Women Honor and National Coupledom
Migrants and Citizens in the Postcolonial State
Pakistan and Ethnic Citizenship in Bollywood Cinema
State Violence and Transnational Belongings in the Diaspora
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1947 Partition abducted women ambivalent argues articulation Asia Ayah Ayah’s Bhabha Bhasin Bollywood Bollywood cinema Bombay border British chapter citizens citizenship colonial communalist conflict contemporary coupledom Cracking India critical critique cultural Delhi diasporic dominant early national period ethnic violence everyday experience female feminist film’s Gandhi Garam Hawa gendered violence global hegemonic heteronormative Hindu and Sikh Hindu–Muslim Ice-Candy identity India and Pakistan Indian nation inter-ethnic Karan Kashmir Lahore literature lives Main Hoon Na male body Manto marked masculinity memory middle-class migration minoritization modern Muslim narrative narrator nation-state national belonging Nehru novel Partition of India Partition refugees Partition violence Partition’s patriarchal peace political popular postcolonial postcolonial public sphere Punjab racial rape refugees Rehabilitation representation rhetorics scene secular sexual violence Sikh Singh social South Asian American state’s story subaltern suggested tion Train to Pakistan transformation transnational urban Urvashi Butalia Veer Zaara violence against women woman Zaara