Violent Youth in Adult Court: The Decertification of Transferred Offenders
Jordan examines juvenile decertification and assesses the overall effectiveness of Pennsylvanias legislative waiver statute. He considers: the factors that impact on the decertification decision; decertified and non-decertified (i.e., still in adult court) youth in terms of court outcomes, and recidivism in the two groups. Generally speaking, the more serious offenders were retained in adult court. However, there appears to be no difference in punishment certainty and recidivism between decertified and non-decertified offenders, although youth in the adult system typically receive longer confinement time and case processing time. The statute is not achieving its goals.
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Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence
Analyzing Juvenile Transfer
7 other sections not shown
adult court adult system aggravated assault Allegheny County bivariate coefficient committed compared criminal court Dauphin County decertified youth Defense Attorney delinquent dependent variables deterrence theory deviance amplification effect examined explanatory factors Fagan felony firearm FIREUNK follow-up period GENDER hypothesis impact incarceration length increase indicated interviews judicial waiver jurisdiction justice system juvenile court juvenile court judge juvenile crime juvenile offenders juvenile system juvenile transfer labeling labeling theory legal variables legislative waiver likelihood of conviction likelihood of incarceration logistic regression Myers natural log non-decertified youth NONFIRE number of prior offense seriousness older offenders OTHEROFF outcomes parens patriae played a primary post-dispositional prior record prior referrals PRIORREF PRIORVIO prosecutors PUBDEF public defender punishment race recidivism retained offenders retained youth sanctions sentenced serious significant difference significantly specific deterrence statistical significance target offense transferred offenders transferred to adult transferred youth violent juvenile violent offense violent youth youth in adult z-test