Virgil on the Nature of Things: The Georgics, Lucretius and the Didactic Tradition
The Georgics has for many years been a source of fierce controversy among scholars of Latin literature. Is the work optimistic or pessimistic, pro- or anti-Augustan? Should we read it as a eulogy or a bitter critique of Rome and her imperial ambitions? This book suggests that the ambiguity of the poem is the product of a complex and thorough-going engagement with earlier writers in the didactic tradition: Hesiod, Aratus and - above all - Lucretius. Drawing on both traditional, philological approaches to allusion, and modern theories of intertextuality, it shows how the world-views of the earlier poets are subjected to scrutiny and brought into conflict with each other. Detailed consideration of verbal parallels and of Lucretian themes, imagery and structural patterns in the Georgics forms the basis for a reading of Virgil's poem as an extended meditation on the relations between the individual and society, the gods and the natural environment.
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Virgil on the Nature of Things: The Georgics, Lucretius and the Didactic ...
Monica R. Gale
No preview available - 2000
adynata adynaton Aeneid aetiology agricultural allusion amor animals Aratus Aristaeus atoms Bacchus battle bees behaviour bougonia Callimachean Callimachus Ceres chariot civil context contrast crops cura death destructive didactic discussion divine earth echoes Empedocles emphasis end ofbook Ennius epic Epicurean Epicurus epyllion explicitly farmer fear fertility ﬁgure finale to book ﬁre ﬁrst further Gale Georgics Golden Age Hesiodic Homeric horse human ideal imagery intertextual Jupiter kind labor language Lapiths lines linked Lucretian Lucretius metamorphosis metaphor metus military Mynors myth natural world Note especially Octavian ofhis ofthe ofthe gods ofthe poem omnia Orpheus Ovid parallels particularly passage peace philosophical phrase plague poet poet’s poetic poetry proem to book reader recalls reference relationship rerum Roman sacriﬁce seems seen sense sexual signiﬁcant simile speciﬁcally suggests tellus theme Thomas ad Thomas ad loc toil tradition trees Varro Venus violence Virgil Virgilian