Virtual Knowledge: Experimenting in the Humanities and the Social Sciences

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Paul Wouters, Anne Beaulieu, Andrea Scharnhorst, Sally Wyatt
MIT Press, 2013 - Computers - 262 pages
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Today we are witnessing dramatic changes in the way scientific and scholarly knowledge is created, codified, and communicated. This transformation is connected to the use of digital technologies and the virtualization of knowledge. In this book, scholars from a range of disciplines consider just what, if anything, is new when knowledge is produced in new ways. Does knowledge itself change when the tools of knowledge acquisition, representation, and distribution become digital?

Issues of knowledge creation and dissemination go beyond the development and use of new computational tools. The book, which draws on work from the Virtual Knowledge Studio, brings together research on scientific practice, infrastructure, and technology. Focusing on issues of digital scholarship in the humanities and social sciences, the contributors discuss who can be considered legitimate knowledge creators, the value of "invisible" labor, the role of data visualization in policy making, the visualization of uncertainty, the conceptualization of openness in scholarly communication, data floods in the social sciences, and how expectations about future research shape research practices. The contributors combine an appreciation of the transformative power of the virtual with a commitment to the empirical study of practice and use.

ContributorsAnne Beaulieu, Sarah de Rijcke, Bas van Heur, Smiljana Antonijević, Stefan Dormans, Sally Wyatt, Matthijs Kouw, Charles van den Heuvel, Andrea Scharnhorst, Rebecca Moody, Victor Bekkers, Clement Levallois, Stephanie Steinmetz, Paul Wouters, Clifford Tatum, Nicholas W. Jankowski, Jan Kok

 

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Contents

Introduction to Virtual Knowledge
1
Authority and Expertise in New Sites of Knowledge Production
25
Working in Virtual Knowledge
57
Exploring Uncertainty in Knowledge Representations
89
Virtually Visual
127
Sloppy Data Floods or Precise Social Science Methodologies?
151
Beyond Open Access
183
Virtual Knowledge in Family History
219
About the Authors
251
Index
255
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Paul Wouters is Professor of Scientometrics and Director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at Leiden University.

Anne Beaulieu is Project Manager of the Groningen Energy and Sustainability Programme.

Andrea Scharnhorst is Senior Research Fellow in the e-Humanities Group at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Sally Wyatt is Program Leader of the e-Humanities Group at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

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