Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Front Cover
OUP Oxford, Jun 30, 2011 - Science - 332 pages
The enormous size of polymer molecules causes their molecular motions to span a broad range of length scales and give rise to viscoelastic behaviour. This rate-dependence of the properties is a predominant characteristic of soft materials (rubbers, biopolymers, lubricants, adhesives, etc.). Improving the performance and developing new applications for soft materials require an understanding of the basic principles of how molecular motions underlie physical properties. This text is intended to provide grounding in fundamental aspects of the dynamic behavior of rubbery materials, adopting a molecular perspective in its treatment to emphasize how microscopic processes are connected to the observed macroscopic behavior. The latest discoveries and advances in the science and technology of rubbery materials are described and critically analyzed.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Cooperative local dynamics the glasstransition zone
38
3 Chain dynamics
79
4 Networks
120
5 Constitutive modeling nonlinear behavior and the stressoptic law
160
6 Reduced variables and characteristic relaxation times
199
7 Blends
236
8 Liquidcrystalline materials
264
9 Bioelastomers
282
10 Confinement effects on polymer dynamics
298
Glossary of Symbols
319
Index
327
Copyright

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About the author (2011)


C.M. Roland is head of the Polymer Physics Section of the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC. After a PhD at Pennsylvania State Unversity, he worked as a researcher at The Firestone Tire & Rubber Co before joining the Naval Research Laboratory in 1986. He has won numerous for his research, including and has served in Editorial and Advisory capacities on several journals. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining (UK).

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