Visions, Votes, and Vetoes: The Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise Forty Years on

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Peter Lang, 2006 - History - 339 pages
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The empty chair crisis of 1965, resolved in the Luxembourg Compromise of 1966, forms part of the dramatic past of the European Union, and is for many a turning-point in European political integration. This volume, based on new research, revisits these events. It sheds fresh light on the mixed motives of the principal member states, European institutions and third-country actors, and identifies the shadows cast over subsequent legal and political practice. The book results from a collaborative project among historians, lawyers, and political scientists. It draws on new archival material and on many insights from practitioners, both some involved in the events of 1965-66 and others engaged in subsequent negotiations in the Council of the EU. Traces of these events persist in the consensus-oriented culture in the Council, where a concern to avoid sharply polarised confrontation limits recourse to active voting, even though the formal use of qualified majority voting has been greatly extended. Arguments over agricultural policy, the EU budget and world trade negotiations thus continue to provide occasions for some member states to insist on their 'very important interests'.
This book stems from a co-funded project of the Fondation Paul-Henri Spaak in Brussels and of the European University Institute and the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence.
 

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Contents

List of Abbreviations
11
The Empty Chair Crisis
21
The Sources of the Empty Chair Crisis its Evolution
43
The Economy First? Italy
97
A Successful Defence of the Communitarian
129
More than Honest Brokers? Belgium
153
Kennedys Atlantic Partnership the
183
The Empty Chair Crisis and the Kennedy
219
The Luxembourg Compromise
243
Constitutional Convention
251
Did the Luxembourg Compromise
279
Changing the Course of European
301
Text of the Luxembourg
321
Participants in the Workshop held
327
Index
333
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

The Editors: Jean-Marie Palayret is Director of the Historical Archives of the European Union, which are based at the European University Institute.
Helen Wallace is Director of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies at the European University Institute.
Pascaline Winand is Professor of History in the Department of History and Civilisation at the European University Institute.

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