Vocationalisation of Secondary Education Revisited
Jon Lauglo, R. Maclean
Springer Science & Business Media, May 12, 2005 - Education - 376 pages
ThiscasestudyreportprovidesageneraldescriptionandanalysisofGhana's efforts at diversifying its secondary school curriculum, and the lessons that might be learnedfrom this experience. The report focuses on the vocationa- sation policy of the 1987 education reforms. Not muchhas been written about the impact of vocationalised secondary education inGhana with the resultthat there is very little documentation on issues pertinent to TVE at that level. D- cussions with Ministry of Education (MOE) of'cialsrevealed that investment inthe technicalinstitute and polytechnic sector is currentlyof more immediate concern than investment in vocational secondary education-an indication of perhaps growing dissatisfaction with the vocationalised secondary education policies of the 1987 reforms. Ministry of'cials feltthat a few senior secondary schoolsneededtobespeciallydesignatedassecondarytechnicalorvocational, with the rest concentrating on providing general education. Furthermore, they argued that thiswould facilitate specialfunding of specially designated TVE secondary schoolsand thus improve theiref'ciency and effectiveness. A f- quentcriticismfromministryof'cialswasthattheseniorsecondarysectorwas still too narrowly focused on university requirements, thus undermining their ability to address the practical goalsof TVE. Some of the information sought by the terms of reference (TOR) of this study was not readily available partly because vocational secondary education had not attracted as much interest as, for example, basic education where s- eral reviews and studies have been conducted. Recent policy literature on TVE in Ghana re'ects concerns with the informal and formal vocational schools sector (Japan International Cooperation Agency/MOE, 2001). Also, docum- tation on implementation stages of vocational policies is dif'cult to ?nd.
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academic subjects African Agriculture assessment basic Botswana Business Studies CD CD Commerce Computer Studies cost per student countries CTE courses Design and Technology dummy variable education and training Education in Botswana education in Mozambique education system employment enrollment equipment facilities Gaborone Ghana grade graduates high school higher Home Economics Home Science implementation industrial education institutions International junior KCSE examination Kenya KTTC labour market Lauglo Mathematics Metalwork Mfantsipim Mfantsipim School Ministry of Education Mozambique Nairobi number of students objectives offered Oguaa options parents practical subjects pre-vocational problem programmes rates reform relevant sector self-employment senior schools senior secondary schools syllabus Table taught teachers teaching cost technical and vocational Technical Drawing technical subjects tracer study TVE subjects TVET UNESCO University of Botswana vocational and technical vocational courses vocational education vocational subjects vocationalised secondary education Woodwork workshops World Bank