Vocationalisation of Secondary Education Revisited

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Jon Lauglo, R. Maclean
Springer Science & Business Media, May 12, 2005 - Education - 376 pages
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ThiscasestudyreportprovidesageneraldescriptionandanalysisofGhana's efforts at diversifying its secondary school curriculum, and the lessons that might be learnedfrom this experience. The report focuses on the vocationa- sation policy of the 1987 education reforms. Not muchhas been written about the impact of vocationalised secondary education inGhana with the resultthat there is very little documentation on issues pertinent to TVE at that level. D- cussions with Ministry of Education (MOE) of'cialsrevealed that investment inthe technicalinstitute and polytechnic sector is currentlyof more immediate concern than investment in vocational secondary education-an indication of perhaps growing dissatisfaction with the vocationalised secondary education policies of the 1987 reforms. Ministry of'cials feltthat a few senior secondary schoolsneededtobespeciallydesignatedassecondarytechnicalorvocational, with the rest concentrating on providing general education. Furthermore, they argued that thiswould facilitate specialfunding of specially designated TVE secondary schoolsand thus improve theiref'ciency and effectiveness. A f- quentcriticismfromministryof'cialswasthattheseniorsecondarysectorwas still too narrowly focused on university requirements, thus undermining their ability to address the practical goalsof TVE. Some of the information sought by the terms of reference (TOR) of this study was not readily available partly because vocational secondary education had not attracted as much interest as, for example, basic education where s- eral reviews and studies have been conducted. Recent policy literature on TVE in Ghana re'ects concerns with the informal and formal vocational schools sector (Japan International Cooperation Agency/MOE, 2001). Also, docum- tation on implementation stages of vocational policies is dif'cult to ?nd.

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About the author (2005)

Jon Lauglo, born 1943 in Norway, is Senior Education Specialist in the Africa Region of the World Bank, Professor of Sociology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and Senior Researcher at NOVA-Norwegian Social Research Oslo. Previously he taught Comparative and International Education at the University of London Institute of Education and served as Scientific Director of a Program that financed applied research on education, at the Norwegian Research Council. He received his university education in the USA at Reed College and the University of Chicago.