Volcanoes of the Solar System

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Cambridge University Press, 1996 - Science - 232 pages
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Space age lunar and planetary missions offer a new and enlarged perspective on volcanism, extending our experience to features discovered beyond this planet. Starting with Earth, Volcanoes of the Solar System takes the reader on a guided tour of the terrestrial planets and moons and their volcanic features. Lunar lava fields are seen through the eyes of the Apollo astronauts, and we are taken on an imaginary hike up the Martian slopes of Olympus Mons, the tallest volcano of the Solar System. This comprehensive and lucid account of volcanoes includes over 150 photographs. The text describes the most recent data on the unique and varied volcanic features of Venus and updates our knowledge on the prodigiously active volcanoes of Io. This book is accessible to the general reader, yet includes enough detail to serve as an introduction for earth sciences students.
 

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Contents

The Earth as a model
1
Distribution of volcanoes on Earth
3
The discovery of underwater volcanoes
5
The origin of heat
6
Accretional heat
7
Radioactive heating
8
Getting rid of the heat
9
Convection currents
11
Volcanic marathons
117
Martian volcanism in space and time
119
Plains volcanism on Mars
122
Erosion on Mars
123
Meteorites from Mars
125
In the heart of the mantle
127
Melting scenarios
128
Volatile content of martian magma
129

The ascent of magma
12
Magma chambers
13
The eruptive process
16
Volcanoes of Earth
19
Underwater volcanism
20
Spreading rates
23
Exploring the rift
24
Rifts above water
26
The great African rift
27
Flood basalts
30
Plains volcanism
31
Oceanic hot spots
32
The Hawaiian hot spot
34
Subduction and island arcs
36
Subduction volcanism
37
Cordillera volcanism
38
Ignimbrites and calderas
39
Resurgent calderas
41
The pace of eruptions on Earth
42
Volcanic regime of planet Earth
45
An astronauts view of the Moon
46
Voyage to the Moon
48
In lunar orbit
49
touchdown in a lava field
51
The lunar receiving laboratory
53
The Ocean of Storms
54
Lunar flood basalts
55
Cross section of the lunar maria
57
Excursion to Hadley Rille
58
A driedup lava bed
59
Lava channels and lava tubes
62
The origin of Hadley Rille
64
Volcanic history of the Hadley site
65
Looking for volcanoes
66
A geologist on the Moon
67
Discovery of the orange soil
70
Mystery in the lab
73
Lunar volcanism
75
A capsule history of the Moon
76
Sampling strategies
78
The chemistry of the lunar lava
80
The europium mystery
82
the evasive lavas
84
Early volcanism and impact melts
87
Mare volcanism
89
Moonwide trends
91
Lava flows on the Moon
93
The flooding of the basins
94
In search of volcanoes
95
Shields and domes on the Moon
96
Hints of recent volcanism on the Moon
99
The discovery of Mars
100
The Mariners odyssey
101
A guided tour of planet Mars
103
Crossing the Tharsis uplift
104
Grand canyon on Mars
105
Volcanoes of Elysium
106
New types of volcanoes
107
A field trip to Olympus Mons
110
The road to the top
113
On the rim of the caldera
114
Shield building on Mars
116
A history of martian volcanism
131
Plate tectonics on Mars
133
From basins to shields
134
Alba the great
136
Venus unveiled
139
Decent into hell
141
Venus drops her veil
143
A twist of sulfur
144
The basalts of Venus
145
Calderas and coronae
148
Dating the volcanoes
149
In search of a model
150
Magellan explores Venus
153
Small volcanoes on Venus
154
Large volcanoes
156
A family portrait
157
Pancakes and ticks
159
Lava flows on Venus
160
Lava fields and channels
163
Lava cooling on Venus
164
Lava suites on Venus
166
Eruptions under pressure
167
Eruption styles on Venus
168
The rate of volcanism on Venus
170
Steady state and catastrophism
171
Organized volcanics on Venus
172
Hot spot growth on Venus
174
Io and the outer moons
176
Eruptions on Io
177
Tidal energy
179
Io and Europa
181
Calderas on Io
182
Volatiles on Io
184
The color of sulfur
185
Sulfurous magmas
186
A perilous field trip
187
Crustal structure of Io
188
The geysers of Io
189
Duration of eruptions
190
Hot spots on Io
191
Crustal recycling on Io
193
Cryovolcanism
194
The moons of Saturn
195
The moons of Uranus
196
The geysers of Triton
198
Volcanism a planetary perspective
202
Volcanism on asteroids
203
a comparative study
205
The time factor
207
Global asymmetries
208
Convection patterns
210
The shaping of a volcano
212
Volcano height
213
The gravity factor
214
Volcanoes and atmospheres
215
Volcanoes and climate
217
Trap eruptions and volcanic winters
218
The rains of Mars
219
BIBLIOGRAPHY
221
INDEX
227
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About the author (1996)

Frankel was chairman and professor of philosophy at Columbia University until his death in 1979. He served as Head of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

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