Voluntary School Prayer Constitutional Amendment: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, First Session, on S.J. Res. 73 ... and S.J. Res. 212 ... April 29, May 2, and June 27, 1983
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984 - Prayer in the public schools - 775 pages
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Abington School District activities adopted allow American authority believe Board CHAIRMAN Christian church civil committee concern Congress Constitution constitutional amendment debate decisions effect Engel equal access establishment clause expression fact favor federal Founding free exercise freedom groups House important individual institutions intended interpretation issue Jefferson Justice legislative liberty Lubbock Madison majority matter meaning meet ment moral neutrality objection official opinion participate permit person political position practice pray prayer in public preference present President principle problem Professor prohibit proposed amendment protection public schools question reading reason reli religion religious Resolution respect rule School District school prayer secular Senator HATCH separation silent prayer speech statement suggest Supreme Court teachers Thank thought tion understand United University views Virginia voluntary York
Page 348 - The very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts...
Page 380 - Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.
Page 379 - If in the opinion of the people the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by an amendment in the way which the Constitution designates. But let there be no change by usurpation, for though this in one instance may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.
Page 126 - Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legislative powers of government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should " make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between church...
Page 535 - That religion or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and, therefore, all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love and charity towards each other.
Page 471 - I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth — that God governs in the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without his aid? We have been assured, Sir, in the sacred writings, that " except the Lord build the house they labor in vain that build it.
Page 646 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
Page 157 - By a faction I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
Page 149 - All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God.