W Stands for Women: How the George W. Bush Presidency Shaped a New Politics of Gender

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Michaele L. Ferguson, Michaele L.. Ferguson, Lori Jo Marso
Duke University Press, Aug 29, 2007 - Political Science - 290 pages
Taking seriously the “W Stands for Women” rhetoric of the 2004 Bush–Cheney campaign, the contributors to this collection investigate how “W” stands for women. They argue that George W. Bush has hijacked feminist language toward decidedly antifeminist ends; his use of feminist rhetoric is deeply and problematically connected to a conservative gender ideology. While it is not surprising that conservative views about gender motivate Bush’s stance on so-called “women’s issues” such as abortion, what is surprising—and what this collection demonstrates—is that a conservative gender ideology also underlies a range of policies that do not appear explicitly related to gender, most notably foreign and domestic policies associated with the post-9/11 security state. Any assessment of the lasting consequences of the Bush presidency requires an understanding of the gender conservatism at its core.

In W Stands for Women ten feminist scholars analyze various aspects of Bush’s persona, language, and policy to show how his administration has shaped a new politics of gender. One contributor points out the shortcomings of “compassionate conservatism,” a political philosophy that requires a weaker class to be the subject of compassion. Another examines Lynndie England’s participation in the abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib in relation to the interrogation practices elaborated in the Army Field Manual, practices that often entail “feminizing” detainees by stripping them of their masculine gender identities. Whether investigating the ways that Bush himself performs masculinity or the problems with discourse that positions non-Western women as supplicants in need of saving, these essays highlight the far-reaching consequences of the Bush administration’s conflation of feminist rhetoric, conservative gender ideology, and neoconservative national security policy.

Contributors. Andrew Feffer, Michaele L. Ferguson, David S. Gutterman, Mary Hawkesworth, Timothy Kaufman-Osborn, Lori Jo Marso, Danielle Regan, R. Claire Snyder, Iris Marion Young, Karen Zivi

Michaela Ferguson and Karen Zivi appeared on KPFA’s Against the Grain on September 11, 2007. Listen to the audio.
Michaela Ferguson and Lori Jo Marso appeared on WUNC’s The State of Things on August 30, 2007. Listen to the audio.

 

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Contents

Bush Administration Ideology and the Reconsolidation of Patriarchy
17
The Politics of Compassion in the Age of AIDS
41
Bushs Masculinities
61
Straight Eye for the Straight Guy
63
BrothersinArms Suicide Bombers and the Culture of Life
87
Gendered War Logics at Home and Abroad
113
Reflections on the Current Security State
115
Gender Trouble at Abu Ghraib?
141
Confronting the War Logics of the George W Bush Administration
163
Feminist Responses
189
Feminism and Security Rhetoric in the PostSeptember 11 Bush Administration
191
Feminism and the Complications of Freeing the Women of Afghanistan and Iraq
221
References
245
Contributors
269
Index
271
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About the author (2007)

Michaele L. Ferguson is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Lori Jo Marso is Professor of Political Science and Director of Women's and Gender Studies at Union College. She is the author of Feminist Thinkers and the Demands of Femininity: The Lives and Work of Intellectual Women.

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