Wages in the United Kingdom in the Nineteenth Century: Notes for the Use of Students of Social and Economic Questions

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University Press, 1900 - Wages - 148 pages

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Page 118 - It is not possible here to do more than allude to the main divisions of workers in iron, and deal more particularly with one, viz., mechanical engineering.
Page 50 - ... Bricklayers' labourers 32 32 32 32 For authorities for London, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, vide Section XII. infra. From these tables it appears that the wages of Irish town labourers have been, like those of agricultural labourers, considerably lower than the wages of men doing similar work in England or Scotland ; but that artisans on the other hand have been as well paid in Ireland as in any English or Scotch towns other than London. This fact was brought out by Sir R. Giffen in his evidence before...
Page 113 - It is not possible in a limited space to do more than state the nature of the problem, and give some illustrations of special difficulties.
Page 46 - Wages are higher, and what is probably of more importance, employment is more constant, owing to the great emigration which has taken place among the class of able-bodied men. Their food is cheaper than it was 15 years ago, and their house accommodation (in Leinster and Munster at all events) has undergone considerable improvement; and carrying with them, as they do, those plots of ground, they are enabled to keep pigs and fowls, to provide them with food during the months they can get no employment.
Page 122 - ... up to the general average. In many cases it is likely that the money wages paid in some year of the inflation of the seventies was greater than any wage since ; but owing to the very rapid fluctuation of wages and prices at that time it is not easy to make any useful comparison. It is better to say that money wages in the nineties were 10 per cent, above those of the eighties, and 30 per cent, above those of the sixties.
Page 3 - kinetic," which it is proposed to follow almost exclusively here, consists in studying not wages themselves, but their rates of change, making no attempt to construct a wage census for former dates or at the present time, but to study the proportionate changes of wages period by period, wherever we can obtain a sequence of figures, and combine the figures which indicate these rates of change independently of the actual rate of wages at any time or place.
Page 8 - ... of the account the effect of work by married women should be placed ; it is even doubtful whether the opportunities of earnings presented to boys in a large town are an advantage. This brings us to the very difficult question of women's women's wages — difficult because the conditions have wages. changed immensely during the century; on the one hand the opportunities of fairly well-paid work having developed, on the other the available supply of labour having increased; difficult also because...
Page 15 - A list of the most important of these is to be found in the appended Bibliography (p.
Page 18 - ... effort of men of the same capacity are equal to one another ; or more generally, the wages throughout the country for equal degrees of skill, are equal at any given time. If this is so, we shall find it useful to watch the change of the rate of wages paid for a certain degree of skill, even, though the number of persons paid at this wage may be a very small proportion of the total number doing similar work.

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