War, Justice, and Public Order: England and France in the Later Middle Ages
This is a study of two topics of central importance in late medieval history: the impact of war, and the control of disorder. Making war and making law were the twin goals of the state, and the author examines the effect of the evolution of royal government in England and France. Ranging broadly between 1000 and 1400, he focuses principally on the period c.1290 to c.1360, and compares developments in the two countries in four related areas: the economic and political costs of war; the development of royal justice; the crown's attempt to control private violence; and the relationship between public opinion and government action. He argues that as France suffered near breakdown under repeated English invasions, the authority of the crown became more acceptable to the internal warring factions; whereas the English monarchy, unable to meet the expectations for internal order which arose partly from its own ambitious claims to be `keeper of the peace', had to devolve much of itsjudicial powers. In these linked problems of war, justice, and public order may lie the origins of English `constitutionalism' and French `absolutism'.
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The Enterprise of War
Royal Justice and Public Order
Chivalry the State and Public Order
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Actes administration armies arms baillis campaign Capetian castles Cazelles Channel chivalry complaint crisis developed Ducoudray early economic Edward III effect efforts England and France epic evidence eyre feudal finance force fourteenth century Fourteenth-century France French crown Fryde Gascony Guerre Henneman Henry Henry II Histoire historians Hundred Hundred Rolls Hundred Years War Ibid important inquest issue Italian Jacquerie John Maddicott judicial jurisdiction justice Kaeuper king's kingship knightly knights late medieval late thirteenth literature lords Louis IX Maddicott Maurice Keen Medieval England merchants Michael Prestwich Middle Ages military monarchy nobles officials Paris Parlement de Paris parliament peace Peasants Philip IV Philip the Fair political Prestwich problems prohibition public order realm reform Reign of Philip revenues Revolt of 1381 Riccardi role royal courts royal government royal power Royal Taxation seneschal sheriffs significant social society St Louis Strayer suggests thirteenth century tournament trailbaston violence warfare wool
England in the Later Middle Ages: A Political History
Maurice Hugh Keen
No preview available - 2003
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