War and Social Change in Modern Europe: The Great Transformation Revisited

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Cambridge University Press, 2004 - History - 510 pages
Halperin traces the persistence of traditional class structures during the development of industrial capitalism in Europe, and the way in which these structures shaped states and state behavior and generated conflict. She documents European conflicts between 1789 and 1914, including small and medium scale conflicts often ignored by researchers and links these conflicts to structures characteristic of industrial capitalist development in Europe before 1945. This book revisits the historical terrain of Karl Polanyi's The Great Transformation (1944), however, it argues that Polanyi's analysis is, in important ways, inaccurate and misleading. Ultimately, the book shows how and why the conflicts both culminated in the world wars and brought about a 'great transformation' in Europe. Its account of this period challenges not only Polanyi's analysis, but a variety of influential perspectives on nationalism, development, conflict, international systems change, and globalization.
 

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This book is one of the best histories of Europe for the period between the end of the Napoleonic Wars and World War I that I have ever read. The scholarship, the writing is riveting. I've told everyone I know to read it. Halperin throws into bold relief the struggles and of the European peoples and the folly and greed of the leaders of those peoples. I literally could not put the book down.
Henry Papale
 

Contents

CONFLICT AND CHANGES IN WORLD POLITICS
3
A CRITIQUE OF THE POLANYIAN VIEW
5
A CLASS APPROACH
15
THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION REVISITED
38
SOCIAL FORCES INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION AND CONFLICT IN EUROPES NINETEENTHCENTURY MARKET SYSTEM
49
THE FIRST TRANSFORMATION SOCIAL FORCES IN THE RISE OF EUROPES NINETEENTHCENTURY MARKET SYSTEM
51
NATIONAL POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS AND THE STRUGGLE FOR THE STATE
55
THE NEW BALANCE OF SOCIAL POWER AND THE NEW EUROPEAN ORDER
64
THE INTERREGNUM
173
THE POLARIZATION OF EUROPEAN SOCIETY 19181939
175
THE CLASS COMPROMISE OF 1848
176
THE SOCIALIST THREAT
180
WORLD WAR I AND MASS MOBILIZATION
183
POSTWAR REVOLUTIONARY CURRENTS AND THE FASCIST REACTION
187
THE POLARIZATION OF EUROPEAN SOCIETY
196
CONCLUSIONS
199

CLASS CONFLICT REVOLUTION AND WAR
72
EUROPES NINETHEENTHCENTURY INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION A BOTTOM UP PERSPECTIVE
78
THE DUAL ECONOMY
79
DOMESTIC MARKETS
82
THE CIRCUIT OF CAPITAL
108
DUALISM AND DEPENDENT DEVELOPMENT IN EUROPES NINETEENTHCENTURY INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION
117
EUROPES CENTURY OF WAR 18151914
119
CONFLICT AND DUALISTIC INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION
120
LABOR CONFLICTS
125
ENFRANCHISEMENT CONFLICTS
131
ETHNIC CONFLICTS
134
IMPERIALIST CONFLICTS
136
CONCLUSIONS
144
WORLD WAR I AND THE POSTWAR RETRENCHMENT
145
IMPERIALISM AND WAR IN EUROPE
146
THE POSTWORLD WAR I RETRENCHMENT
150
THE DECLINE OF THE ARISTOCRACY
151
LABOR
153
DEMOCRACY BETWEEN THE WARS
158
MINORITIES
162
IMPERIALISM IN THE INTERWAR YEARS
165
CONCLUSIONS
170
THE POLITICS OF APPEASEMENT AND COUNTERREVOLUTION
200
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN EUROPE 19181939
201
THE APPEASERS
217
ALTERNATIVE INTERPRETATIONS
222
CONCLUSION
229
THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION
233
THE POSTWORLD WAR II ORDER
235
EUROPES POSTWORLD WAR II SOCIAL PEACE AND PROSPERITY
236
SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT IN POSTWAR EUROPE
251
PEACE IN EUROPE
262
CONCLUSIONS
267
THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION AND THE ETERNAL RETURN GLOBALIZATIONRECONSIDERED
269
THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION REVISITED
272
THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION REVERSED?
281
GLOBALIZATION REDUX? THE INCOMMENSURABILITY THESIS EXAMINED
287
LESSONS FROM HISTORY
294
EUROPE DEFINED
297
A SAMPLE OF EUROPES CLASS ETHNIC AND IMPERIALIST CONFLICTS 17891945
299
EUROPEAN REGIONAL ND EXTRAREGIONAL WARS INSURRECTIONS REBELLIONS REVOLUTIONS UPRISINGS VIOLENT STRIKES RI...
312
WORKS CITED
445
INDEX
499
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