War and Society in Revolutionary Europe, 1770-1870

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1998 - History - 336 pages
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Armed force was used to make and prevent revolution in modern Europe, and as it spread it came to determine the affairs and fates of all the European nations. Beginning with the eve of the French Revolution, Geoffrey Best explains in lively detail the vast armed forces and militarized societies of the Napoleonic age. He then proceeds to analyse the contest between Europe's continuing revolutionary underground and the armies of reactionary and alien governments that culminated with the revolutions and wars of national liberation of 1848?66. Under the banners of Napoleon Bonaparte and other warrior heroes of the epoch, a military stamp was set on the European mind, the consequences of which Best critically assesses.
 

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Contents

Editors Preface
5
Authors Preface
11
RUMBLINGS OF REVOLUTION
13
The Martial Context
15
Arms and the Men
18
Armed Forces and their Societies
29
Winds of Change
47
THE FRENCH AND THE REST
61
Peoples War Chiefly Spanish
168
The Military Empires of the East
184
AFTER NAPOLEON
189
The Inheritance
191
Order Restored and Maintained 181555
204
an Army Deliberalized
207
an Army Depoliticized
215
The Gendarme of Europe
223

Introductory
63
The Course of French Events before Valmy and Jemappes
67
TheBourgeois Republicat War 17937
83
the Wars from Beneath
99
Napoleon and the French
108
The NotsoUnited Kingdom
122
Prussias Trauma
150
The Military Multinational
244
The Insurgent Underground
257
Revolutions and Insurrections 184863
273
End and Beginning
296
Notes
309
Guide to Further Reading
329
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