Wartime Rape: Sexual Terrorism in the Eastern Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo : International Law and Human Rights
Document from the year 2008 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, Universite Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV), 81 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: The author is admitted to the bar in Germany and specializes in international law and human rights. He currently teaches at the University of Gottingen. The boolk is based on a presentation given by the author at Sorbonne University, Paris, and includes a large collection of background materials.The author is admitted to the bar in Germany and specializes in international law and human rights. He currently teaches at the University of Gottingen. The boolk is based on a presentation given by the author at Sorbonne University, Paris, and includes a large collection of background materials., abstract: About 5.4 million people have been killed in the wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo (D.R.C.), the former Zaire. 45,000 die every month and hundreds of thousands of women have been raped here in recent years. Wartime rapes are anything but new and have been employed not only to terrorize the population but also as weapon of genocide in Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur. The Eastern Congolese provinces of North and South Kivu have been affected by particular gruesome acts of violence and thousands of victims suffer from rape-induced fistulae, ruptures of the walls which separate the victim's vagina from her rectum. According to UN staff and doctors in the region, all armed groups in the region are involved in rapes and despite the 2002 Pretoria Accord which put an official end to the war, attacks and rapes continue to this very day. Many survivors are forced out of their homes and their families abandoned and left to fend for themselves. Therefore, apart from medical treatment and psychological counseling, there is a strong demand for justice. But due to the weak position of women in Congolese society, justice is much harder to get by than medical treatment. Although the C
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accordance with article accused acts adverse Party African agreement amendment application armed conflict armed forces arrest article 58 Assembly assistance attack child circumstances civilian objects civilian population Commission committed Congo convicted Court Covenant crime Dawn Askin Detaining Power elected ensure entry into force GC IV Geneva Convention High Contracting Parties hostilities Human Rights Human Rights Watch humanitarian International Committee International Criminal Court International Humanitarian Law international law investigation judges jurisdiction Lieber Code medical aircraft medical units necessary Nordland notification occupied territory Occupying Power offence paragraph particular Parties shall take personnel place of internment Pre-Trial Chamber present Convention Procedure and Evidence prohibited prosecution Prosecutor protected persons Protecting Power Protocol punishment purpose pursuant recognized Red Cross relevant request respect Rules of Procedure Rwanda Secretary-General sentence sexual violence Statute surrender Swiss Federal Council Trial Chamber United Nations victims War Crimes wounded and sick