Water, Electricity, and the Poor: Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies?
While consumer utility subsidies are widespread in both the water and electricity sectors, their effectiveness in reaching and distributing resources to the poor is the subject of much debate. Water, Electricity, and the Poor brings together empirical evidence on subsidy performance across a wide range of countries. It documents the prevalence of consumer subsidies, provides a typology of the many variants found in the developing world, and presents a number of indicators useful in assessing the degree to which such subsidies benefit the poor, focusing on three key concepts: beneficiary incidence, benefit incidence, and materiality. The findings on subsidy performance will be useful to policy makers, utility regulators, and sector practitioners who are contemplating introducing, eliminating, or modifying utility subsidies, and to those who view consumer utility subsidies as a social protection instrument.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
0ape Verde 0araguay 0attanayak 0olombia 0rincipe 3angalore access factors Argentina beneficiary incidence benefit incidence benefit targeting performance burden limit connection subsidies consumer utility subsidies consumption subsidies cost recovery countries cubic meters Discount for means-tested elaboration based electricity services electricity subsidies errors of exclusion expenditure Geographic targeting Geographically defined tariffs Guatemala improve increasing block tariff India Kathmandu kilowatt-hours Latin America levels Lorenz curve m3 first block means testing means-tested households n/r n/r n/r Nepal nonpoor households percent Percentage of Household poor households poorest potential poverty poverty line programs public taps Quantity-Targeted Subsidies quintile receiving the subsidy Riga Rwanda sidies simulated South Asia subsidy benefits subsidy design factors Subsidy Performance subsidy recipients targeted subsidies targeting performance indicator tariff structures tariffs with 00s tricity unconnected households Uniform volumetric tariff uptake Urban utility services water and electricity water or electricity water subsidies water supply Wodon World 0ank