Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities
Focusing on the Mediterranean area where water management is crucial, this pioneering study is the first to show how the supply, distribution, and drainage of water contributed to the urbanization of ancient cities. Drawing from classical archaeology, the theory and history of urbanization, geology, and hydraulic engineering, Crouch examines water-system elements, including springs, fountains, wells, channels and drains, latrines, laundry, and dishwashing, as they relate to each other and to the physical, historical, and social bases of ancient Greek cities. Studying numerous sites including Pompeii, Pergamon, Athens, Samos, Delphi, and Corinth, she concludes that increased knowledge and skill in management of water contributed directly to the urbanization of the ancient Greek world. Illustrated with excellent photographs and line drawings, the discussions of supply, distribution, and drainage of water are organized topically, rather than chronologically or by site, offering an excellent example of the interdisciplinary approach. Crouch's study raises stimulating questions for further research, indicates entirely new directions for established academic disciplines, and suggests useful procedures for modern cities facing problems of water supply and management.
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Acrocorinth Acropolis Agora Aidone Akragas ancient Greek ancient Greek cities aqueduct archaeological archaic architectural Argos Asklepion Athenian Athens basin bath bathroom building built cave channels Chapter cisterns Corinth courtyard Delos drains east evidence excavation factor fifth century Figure flow fountain fountainhouse fourth century B.C. geology Greece Greek water Greek world Hellenistic hill historian Homer Thompson houses human hydraulic engineering karst Klepsydra later latrines limestone located long-distance water supply Mediterranean Megara meters Miletus modern Morgantina Mycenaean Olynthos pattern Peirene Pergamon pipelines pipes Pompeii Priene reservoir reuse rock Roman sanctuary Schubring Selinus settlement sewer shaft Sicily sixth century B.C. slope spring Stoa stone street surface Syracuse temples terra-cotta terraces theater third century tion town tubs tunnel underground urban history wall waste waters water management water resources water supply lines water system elements waterlines wellhead