Water Policy in the Netherlands: Integrated Management in a Densely Populated Delta
Stijn Reinhard, Henk Folmer
Earthscan, 2011 - Business & Economics - 273 pages
As a low-lying delta region with a high population density, the Netherlands has long focused on the prevention of flooding catastrophes and the reclamation of valuable land. The evolution of Dutch water governance, beginning with the creation of local 'water boards' in the Middle Ages and growing into a complex infrastructure of polders, dams, and controlled waterways offers a compelling study of pitfalls and successes within one of the worlds most challenging regions for water management. Water Policy in the Netherlands traces the arc of water governance in the country, from technological innovations to prevent wide-scale flooding, to strategies focused primarily on improving water quality, to an integral water management approach which brings together perspectives from economics, hydrology, ecology, water law, and water technology. The contributions in this book demonstrate how both the technical and social sciences must play key roles in crafting policy in the face of serious environmental challenges including climate change, sea level rise, and increasing soil subsidence. Innovative themes explored in the work include: how economic models and pricing structures might improve efficiency in the distribution of water resources, how the competing uses for water-including for recreation, arable agriculture, fisheries, and natural preservation-create demands on both the quantity and quality of water resources, and how public participation, cogovernance, and the balance of public and private interests will be necessary to meet the goals of the EU's Water Framework Directive. This resource serves as both an invaluable case study and as a text to develop the analytical tool of integral water management for students, policy-makers, and NGO professionals in developed and developing regions.
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activities agriculture approach areas aspects assessment capacity Chapter citizens coastal Commission consumer surplus damage decisionmaking decisions Delta Plan demand dike disaster dredging Dutch water management ecological ecosystem effects emission environment environmental European water euros flood protection floodplain focus group function groundwater hydrological IJsselmeer impact implementation important increasing industry integrated water management issues management and spatial marginal cost marine Markermeer measures Memorandum on Water ment methods Microbial fuel cell National Policy Memorandum natural Netherlands nutrients Oosterschelde organizations polders policymaking pollution problems production provinces public participation quantity red knots regional water requires responsible result Rhine risk river basin role sector sewage treatment social surplus spatial planning structure supply and sewage surface water tion Wadden Sea Water Act water boards Water Framework Directive water legislation water management water policy water quality water resources water supply water system Zuider Zee