Water Purification Using Heat Pumps
CRC Press, Jun 23, 2005 - Technology & Engineering - 200 pages
This book is the result of a long-term co-operative research and professional development programme between the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), Mexico, and the University of Salford, UK. It provides the design basis for the fabrication of small and large scale commercial absorption heat pump systems, and includes a comprehensive treatment of the economics of heat pump systems. It charts the development of heat pump technology from theoretical principles to the operation of practical systems for the purification of water, both for human consumption and a wide variety of industrial purposes.
In addition to the increasing demand for potable water there is a rapidly increasing demand for clean water in industries ranging from foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals to electronics. This book will be essential reading for industrial engineers and others concerned with the cost-effective, environmentally friendly production of clean water.
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2 Design basis for mechanical vapour compression heat pump systems
3 Design basis for absorption heat pumps operating with watersalt working pairs
4 An experimental mechanical vapour compression heat pump assisted effluent purification unit effulent Purification unit
5 An experimental absorption heat pump assisted effluent purification unit
6 Economics of heat pump systems
7 Alternative purification systems and the future potential for heat pump technology
Appendix 1 Derived thermodynamic design data for heat pump systems operating on R718
Appendix 2 Derived thermodynamic design data for heat pump systems operating on R12
Appendix 3 Derived thermodynamic design data for heat pump systems operating on R114
Appendix 4 Derived thermodynamic design data for heat pump systems operating on R717
Appendix 5 Compound interest factors
Appendix 7 Conversion factors for energy equivalents
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absorber absorption heat pump actual coefficient AHPAEPU assisted effluent purification brine purification Carnot coefficient Chemical Chlorides circuit coefficient of performance coil compression heat pump compression ratio compressor concentration condensing temperature TCO COP)EH COP)R corrosion Cuernavaca DCFRR dimensionless distilled water driven absorption heat effluent purification unit enthalpy equation evaporator fixed capital cost flow rate fluid geothermal brine gross temperature lift heat driven absorption heat engine heat exchangers heat pump assisted heat pump cycle heat pump effectiveness heat pump systems heat transformer input lithium bromide mechanical vapour compression Mexico payback period performance COP)A plant plot production rate pump assisted effluent pump assisted purification pure water quantity of heat Rankine cycle refrigerant reverse osmosis salt solution Schematic diagram shown in Figure steam Table temperature lift TCO−TEV theoretical Rankine coefficient thermodynamic design data thermodynamically reversible University of Salford USS y-1 vacuum valve vapour compression heat vessel V1 water/lithium bromide