Water at the Surface of Earth: An Introduction to Ecosystem Hydrodynamics

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Academic Press, Oct 7, 1982 - Nature - 557 pages
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Water at the Surface of the Earth: An Introduction to Ecosystem Hydrodynamics provides an introduction to the ways in which biological, physical, cultural, and urban systems at the surface of the earth operate, with a particular focus on the hydrodynamics of ecosystems, i.e., water and its association with other forms of matter, including pollutants, and with several forms of energy. The chapter sequence in this book follows the downward progress of water from the lower atmosphere, through ecosystems at the earth's surface, through the soil and mantle rock, to the ""waters under the earth."" In other words, the book begins with input of water to ecosystems, then describes how it is processed in these systems, and ends with the liquid water yield from them.
The book first discusses storms in the atmosphere. These are systems that convert inflows of water vapor into outflows of raindrops and snowflakes that are precipitated to the underlying surface. This is followed by separate chapters on how water is delivered from the atmosphere to surface ecosystems; water budgets at the surface and in the soil; evaporation from these systems back to the atmosphere; water in the local air and rocks; and horizontal movement of water transformed by ecosystems where the preceding storages and fluxes were located.
 

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Contents

Chapter I Introduction
1
Chapter II Atmospheric Vapor Flows and Atmospheric Storms
7
Chapter III Point RainfallThe Delivery of Water to an Ecosystem
38
Chapter IV Hydrologic Storms
64
Chapter V LargeScale Organization of Rainfall
90
Chapter VI Reception of Water by Ecosystems
122
Chapter VII Water Detained on the Soil Surface
155
Chapter VIII The Soil as Environment of Water
197
Chapter XII Evaporation from Drying Ecosystems
304
Chapter XIII Water in the Local Air
345
Chapter XIV Percolation from Ecosystems
373
Chapter XV Groundwater and Its Outflows into Local Ecosystems
392
Chapter XVI Surface Transports from Ecosystems
423
Chapter XVII OffSite Yield of Ecosystems
474
Chapter XVIII Water in Ecosystems
518
INDEX
533

Chapter IX Soil Moisture
215
Chapter X Evaporation from Wet Surfaces
251
Chapter XI Evaporation from WenWatered Ecosystems
274
International Geophysics Series
559
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Deptartment of Cell Biology

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