Welcoming the Undesirables: Brazil and the Jewish Question
Jeffrey Lesser's invaluable book tells the poignant and puzzling story of how earlier this century, in spite of the power of anti-Semitic politicians and intellectuals, Jews made their exodus to Brazil, "the land of the future." What motivated the Brazilian government, he asks, to create a secret ban on Jewish entry in 1937 just as Jews desperately sought refuge from Nazism? And why, just one year later, did more Jews enter Brazil legally than ever before? The answers lie in the Brazilian elite's radically contradictory images of Jews and the profound effect of these images on Brazilian national identity and immigration policy.
Lesser's work reveals the convoluted workings of Brazil's wartime immigration policy as well as the attempts of desperate refugees to twist the prejudices on which it was based to their advantage. His subtle analysis and telling anecdotes shed light on such pressing issues as race, ethnicity, nativism, and nationalism in postcolonial societies at a time when "ethnic cleansing" in Europe is once again driving increasing numbers of refugees from their homelands.
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Brazil and the Jews
The Other Arrives
Nationalism Nativism and Restriction
Brazil Responds to the Jewish Question
AntiSemitism and PhiloSemitism?
The Pope the Dictator and the Refugees Who Never Came
Epilogue Brazilian Jews Jewish Brazilians
The Jewish Population of Brazil
Jewish Immigration to Brazil 19251935
Jewish and General Immigration to Brazil 19251947
Jewish Immigration to Brazil by Country of Origin 19331942
Jewish Emigration from Germany and Jewish Immigration to Brazil 19331941
Jewish Immigrants as a Percentage of All Immigrants to Brazil and Other Countries 19331947
Jewish and General Immigration to Brazil 18811942
Port of Jewish Arrivals in Brazil 19251930
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ADSS AHI-R ambassador AN-R anti-Jewish anti-Semitic anti-semitismo April Archives Arquivo August Brasileira Brazilian Brazilian government Caffery Campos Catholic non-Aryans Colonizacao consul CPDOC-R cultural December Decree law Diário Diário de Noticias diplomats Eastern European economic Editora embassy Emigration entering Brazil Estado Novo ethnic Europe federal Freitas Vale Getulio Vargas Gustavo Barroso História Imigração imigrantes immi immigration policy Immigration to Brazil Inman Integralist intellectuals Israelita Itamaraty January JCA-L Jewish Colonization Association Jewish community Jewish entry Jewish immigration Jewish Question Jewish refugees Judaico judeus July large numbers Latin American Lobo Maço Maglione March Masella McDonald migration Muniz NARC-W nativist Nazi November Nuncio officials Oswaldo Aranha percent political politicians Porto Alegre Press prostitutes quota racial Raffalovich Raphaelsverein Report resident restrictions Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Scotten to Hull Secret Circular Semitic September social Souza stereotypes thousand tion U.S. dollars United Vargas regime Vatican Vianna visas YIVO-NY York Zionist