Welfare and Inequality: National and International Perspectives on the Australian Welfare State

Front Cover
Over the past few decades the welfare state has been under increasing pressure. Rapid social and economic change has left many people dependent on social institutions, while deteriorating economic prospects have led to calls to cut welfare expenditure. This book introduces key concepts in the welfare state debate and questions the arguments for further cutbacks. It examines: • the role, nature and effects of the welfare state in contemporary society • the links between the welfare state and the economy, particularly in Australia in the 1990s • the success of the Australian welfare state in achieving its aims of improving economic equality and social cohesion. These issues are considered in the light of the experiences of comparable countries able to offer lessons to Australia. Written by economists in clear language, the book makes an important contribution to the discussion of social issues.
 

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Contents

Past Developments and Future Prospec ts for Social
14
An Economic Perspective on the Provision and Finance
50
to August 1991
69
Expenditures
78
Economic Rationalism and the Welfare State
126
Unemployment in Australia and the OECD 1980 to 1990
130
The Social Wage Living Standards and Inequality
158
Concepts and Measurement
218
Index and Household Disposable Income Per Capita
254
Poverty and Deprivation in the 1980s
261
References
292
Index
314
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