Welfare and the Labor Market in Poland: Social Policy During Economic Transition, Volumes 23-417
This report assesses the changes in social welfare and policy that have taken place in Poland during the economic transition. It tests the main hypotheses concerning changes in the role of the welfare state, workings of the labor market, the distributional consequences of transition, and more generally about the winners and losers in transition. Chapter one examines trends in social expenditure during economic transition. Chapter two focuses on changes in the labor market, including emerging risks and opportunities. Chapter three explores distributional consequences of transition.
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ALMPs Annex Table author's calculations average basic vocational training blue-collar workers bottom decile Budget Survey 1995 Bulgaria changes collar workers Czech Republic decile earnings decile ratio distribution in Poland earnings distribution economic growth educated workers educational attainment emergence expenditures in cash expenditures in kind farmers Figure Gini coefficient higher Household Budget Survey household head human capital impact Incidence of low income distribution income groups income inequality Income quintile increase in returns inequality in Poland labor market low pay lower market income median OECD countries percent poor poorly educated poverty private sector public sector reforms relative income result returns to education rising secondary education skill mismatch Slovenia social assistance social expenditures social safety social safety net social spending social transfers Source subsidized employment programs substantial targeted top decile transition in Poland transitional economies unemployed unemployment benefits wage dispersion wage structure white-collar workers workers with basic World Bank