Welfare reform in California: state and county implementation of CalWORKs in the first year
Rand, May 25, 1999 - Law - 23 pages
The California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program is California's response to the welfare reforms Congress set in motion in 1996. The most visible features of this program are its emphasis on moving welfare recipients from reliance on government cash assistance to work and toward self-sufficiency; its use of time limits and participation requirements; its provision of certain services, such as child care and job search assistance, to make participation easier; and its devolution of program authority from the state to the county level. This executive summary focuses on the four themes that have emerged from the authors' work to date: (1) Organizations have changed in response to the expanded mission of CalWORKs, despite limited time for planning. (2) Implementation is under way, but recipient compliance is low. (3) Counties currently have sufficient funds, but this may change. (4) Achieving earnings needed to achieve self-sufficiency before time limits expire is a challenge.
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addition administrative data systems AFDC agen All-County Implementation Survey Apportioning New Agency California Work Opportunity CalWORKs grant CalWORKs legislation CalWORKs program carryover funds caseload cash assistance CDSS COUNTIES CURRENTLY county agencies County Implementation county levels county plans County-Level Planning current recipients currently have sufficient decline dollars domestic violence earned income EITC eligibility workers emerging themes employment enrolled evaluation executive summary expanded mission family of three federal fieldwork focus counties focused follow-on analyses Food Stamps for-profit four themes full-time funding levels funding streams GAIN program impact analysis needs Implementation of CalWORKs IMPLICATIONS FOR FOLLOW-ON increase job club Job-Placement Rates Key Implementation Requirements Late Legislation level of funding minimum wage mission of CalWORKs moving recipients outsourcing participate payroll taxes per-case funding percent poverty line PRWORA RAND recipients to self-sufficiency Reform in California Riverside GAIN Running Eligibility sanction programs staff total household resources welfare department welfare programs welfare recipients welfare reform welfare-to-work activities